Sonic velocity analysis of the Tertiary denudation of the Irish Sea basin
Published:January 01, 2002
Philip D. Ware, Jonathan P. Turner, 2002. "Sonic velocity analysis of the Tertiary denudation of the Irish Sea basin", Exhumation of the North Atlantic Margin: Timing, Mechanisms and Implications for Petroleum Exploration, A. G. Doré, J. A. Cartwright, M. S. Stoker, J. P. Turner, N. White
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Interaction between uplift related to the Cretaceous-Paleocene opening of the North Atlantic, Neogene shortening (basin inversion) and Pleistocene glacio-isostasy is illustrated by the complex denudation pattern of Britain; such denudation is greatest over the submergent East Irish Sea basin, some 500 km from the Atlantic margin. This paper reports on analysis of sedimentary porosities using sonic velocity logs from 42 wells in the East Irish Sea basin. We present a new map showing the variation in exhumation magnitude at the uppermost Mesozoic unconformity (i.e. thickness of denuded Mesozoic and Cenozoic sedimentary rocks), today buried beneath a thin veneer of Pleistocene sediment. It indicates that exhumation is mostly < 1500m (632-2132m; mean standard deviation 407m), less than denudation results obtained from vitrinite reflectance and apatite fission-track data. The map also reveals substantial variation in exhumation over short distances, often between adjacent wells sited on opposing walls of individual faults. This is interpreted in terms of the influence of Neogene basin inversion on the exhumation of the EISB. The role of late Tertiary tectonics in western UK exhumation is therefore discussed.
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Exhumation of the North Atlantic Margin: Timing, Mechanisms and Implications for Petroleum Exploration
Northwest Europe has undergone repeated episodes of exhumation (the exposure of formerly buried rocks) due to such factors as post-orogenic unroofing, rift-shoulder uplift, hotspot activity, compressive tectonics, eustatic sea-level change, glaciation and isostatic readjustment. The main observational legacy of this exhumation around the North Atlantic is preserved in the comparatively young (Mesozoic and Cenozoic) geological record of this region. Despite a rapid increase in the understanding of the exhumation of this area, there are still many unknowns: the relative intensity of the various phases and their geographical variation; mechanisms of uplift; primary causes of exhumation. Tied to these problems is the larger-scale question of whether the circum-North Atlantic is unique or whether its behaviour is typical for passive margins.
There have been several attempts in recent years to bring together researchers to address these questions, but these have often focused on one particular geographical area or one particular exhumation phase. Before an integrated story can emerge, disciplines that have traditionally remained apart need to come together: geomorphology and offshore seismic interpretation; Palaeogene and Neogene studies; Scandinavian and British-Irish research schools. This volume represents a first step in this direction by providing an inter-disciplinary set of studies over a wide latitudinal range of the NW European margin.
The studies presented here are based on a variety of techniques that have been employed to address the main concerns of North Atlantic exhumation history, including timing, mechanisms and the sedimentary response of the continental margin. The 25 papers presented in this volume have been arranged in four sections to reflect the highly varied approach to this subject and the commercial implications. Part 1 is concerned with exhumation mechanisms, focusing primarily on the Iceland Plume. Parts 2 and 3 present ongoing research on the continental margin record offshore Scandinavia, Britain, Ireland and the Faroes. The papers in these two parts illustrate the communication that is now occurring between the two regional research schools and the acknowledgement of a multiphase Cenozoic denudation chronology for both areas. Part 4 contains five papers describing the significant changes to the hydrocarbon systems that occur in exhumed basins, detailing the implications for hydrocarbon-bearing basins.
Exhumation of the North Atlantic Margin: Timing, Mechanisms and Implications for Petroleum Exploration is the most up-to-date and complete volume integrating all aspects of the Mesozoic-Cenozoic exhumation of North Atlantic borderlands. Itwill be of interest to those within the oil industry, geomorphologists and other workers with an interest in NW European regional geology.