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Book Chapter

Cenozoic sedimentation and tectonics in Borneo: climatic influences on orogenesis

By
Robert Hall
Robert Hall
SE Asia Research Group, Department of Geology, Royal Holloway University of London, Egham, Surrey TW20 OEX, UK(email: robert,hall@gLrhul.ac.uk)
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Gary Nichols
Gary Nichols
SE Asia Research Group, Department of Geology, Royal Holloway University of London, Egham, Surrey TW20 OEX, UK(email: g.nichols@gl.rhul.ac.uk)
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Published:
January 01, 2002

Abstract

The volume of sediment deposited in the basins around Borneo indicates that at least 6 km of crust has been removed by erosion during the Neogene. The amount of tectonic uplift implied by this is not reflected in a large area of high mountains on the island, which has an average elevation much lower than that of the Alps or Himalayas. High weathering and erosion rates in the tropical climate of SE Asia are likely to have been an important factor governing the formation of relief in Borneo, and consequently, controlled the structural development of the orogenic belt. Very rapid removal of material by erosion prevented tectonic denudation by faulting: around Borneo there was no lithospheric flexure due to thrust loading and no true foreland basins were developed. The sediment was deposited adjacent to the orogenic belt in older, deep oceanic basins. In terms of sediment yield, the Borneo mountains are comparable in importance to mountain ranges such as the Alps or Himalayas. However, the differences in elevation and structural style suggest that mountain belts formed in regions of high erosion rates may be different from those formed in other settings and the effects of climate need to be considered to understand orogenic evolution.

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Contents

Geological Society, London, Special Publications

Sediment Flux to Basins: Causes, Controls and Consequences

S.J. Jones
S.J. Jones
University of Durham, UK
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L.E. Frostick
L.E. Frostick
University of Hull, UK
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Geological Society of London
Volume
191
ISBN electronic:
9781862394391
Publication date:
January 01, 2002

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