Contrasting styles of glacial dispersal in Newfoundland and Labrador: methods and case studies
Published:January 01, 2001
Martin J. Batterson, David G. E. Liverman, 2001. "Contrasting styles of glacial dispersal in Newfoundland and Labrador: methods and case studies", Drift Exploration in Glaciated Terrain, M. B. McClenaghan, P. T. Bobrowsky, G. E. M. Hall, S. J. Cook
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A review of practical approaches to drift exploration intended for use by exploration geologists working in drift covered areas is presented. The contrasting styles of glacial dispersal between Labrador, dominated by the effects of the Laurentide ice sheet, and the Island of Newfoundland, affected by small, coalescing ice caps at the glacial maximum and smaller topographically-controlled ice centres during deglaciation, are described. The effect has been to produce longer, ribbon-shaped dispersal trains in Labrador, except in the Labrador Trough near the centre of the Labrador sector of the Laurentide Ice Sheet, and shorter more diffuse dispersal patterns in Newfoundland.
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Drift Exploration in Glaciated Terrain
This volume describes the use of till geochemical and indicator mineral methods for mineral exploration in glaciated terrain of Canada. The principles and examples described in this volume wil have direct applications for exploration companies and prospectors exploring for diamonds, precious and base metals and uranium in glaciated parts of North America, northern Europe and Asia and mountainous regions of South America.
The first two papers in this volume provide an introduction to glaciated terrain and the two styles of glaciation that have affected the world, continental glaciers in broad flat lying Shield areas and alpine glaciers in mountainous terrain. Sampling techniques are described next, followed by an introduction to the use of heavy minerals. Heavy mineral methodss have become an important exploration tool in glaciated terrain for gold and base metals and, in the last ten years, for diamonds. Lake sediments and biogeochemical methods are also included in this volume as a complement to geochemical and indicator mineral methods in glaciated terrain. A chapter on GIS has been included because data interpretation and display are important and essential parts of any regional or detailed geochemical survey. The remainder of the volume is case studies for the three main glaciated terrain tyes in Canada: Shield, Appalachia and Cordillera