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Book Chapter

Biostratigraphic implications of mid-latitude Palaeocene–Eocene radiolarian faunas from Hole 1051A, ODP Leg 171B, Blake Nose, western North Atlantic

By
Annika Sanfilippo
Annika Sanfilippo
Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093-0244,USA (asanfilippo@ucsd.edu)
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Charles D. Blome
Charles D. Blome
US Geological Survey, MS 913, Box 25046, Federal Center, Denver, CO 80225,USA
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Published:
January 01, 2001

Abstract

Abundant well-preserved radiolarians were recovered from Ocean Drilling Program Leg 171B Hole 1051A, western North Atlantic, and range from upper middle Eocene radiolarian Zone RP16 through lower Palaeocene Zone RP6. This mid-latitude fauna contrasts with tropical faunas in lacking many tropical zonal markers and in its high proportion of diachronous first and last occurrences. The sequence from Hole 1051A contains the lower Eocene-middle Eocene and Palaeocene-Eocene (P-E) boundaries, and the only known record of a well-preserved Late Palaeocene Thermal Maximum (LPTM) radiolarian assemblage. There is no gross change observed in the composition of the fauna, only a minor increase in the number of first and last occurrences across the LPTM interval and P-E boundary. Calcareous evidence indicates two hiatuses, each 1–2 Ma long, one in the lowermost middle Eocene sequence and a second in the upper Palaeocene sequence. Presence of the middle Eocene hiatus is corroborated by an abnormally large radiolarian turnover. Twenty-six events are documented and show that most of radiolarian Zone RP10 and a substantial part of Zone RP9 are missing. Seven new species are described: Spongatractus klausi, Calocyclas aphradia, Lychnocanoma (?) parma, Sethocyrtis austellus, Sethocyrtis chrysallis, Thyrsocyrtis (Pentalacorys) krooni and Thyrsocyrtis (Thyrsocyrtis) norrisi.

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Contents

Geological Society, London, Special Publications

Western North Atlantic Palaeogene and Cretaceous Palaeoceanography

Dick Kroon
Dick Kroon
University of Edinburgh, UK
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R. D. Norris
R. D. Norris
Woods Hole OI, USA
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A. Klaus
A. Klaus
Ocean Drilling Program, USA
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Geological Society of London
Volume
183
ISBN electronic:
9781862394315
Publication date:
January 01, 2001

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