Thermal maturity of the Sverdrup Basin, Arctic Canada and its bearing on hydrocarbon potential
Keith Dewing, Mark Obermajer, 2011. "Thermal maturity of the Sverdrup Basin, Arctic Canada and its bearing on hydrocarbon potential", Arctic Petroleum Geology, Anthony M. Spencer, Ashton F. Embry, Donald L. Gautier, Antonina V. Stoupakova, Kai Sørensen
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Analysis of a large thermal maturity dataset indicates that the Carboniferous to Eocene Sverdrup Basin in the Canadian Arctic had a uniform response to thermal stress with depth for Mesozoic strata. Thermal maturity was established at the level of the widespread Upper Triassic Gore Point Member; a good seismic reflector, occurring in close vertical proximity to the two main oil-prone source rocks in the basin. The Gore Point Member is in the gas window (Ro>1.35%) in the northeastern part of the Sverdrup Basin, whereas in the western Sverdrup Basin its maturity does not exceed 1.2% Ro. This would support the hypothesis that large quantities of gas found at the Drake, Hecla and Whitefish fields have derived from a deeper source, probably in Permian or lower Palaeozoic strata. A normal burial curve is established using boreholes drilled in areas with no structural complexity at time of maximum burial. Low-amplitude structures, including the Drake, Hecla and Whitefish fields, show little or no uplift following maximum burial in the Paleocene, indicating that these structures formed prior to the Eocene folding related to the Eurekan Orogeny. Because they were present at the time of maximum burial, they were available to be charged during hydrocarbon migration. In contrast, high-amplitude structures show evidence of large uplifts following maximum burial. They formed in the Eocene and hence post-date most hydrocarbon migration.
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The vast Arctic region contains nine proven petroleum provinces with giant resources but over half of the sedimentary basins are completely undrilled, making the region the last major frontier for conventional oil and gas exploration. This book provides a comprehensive overview of the geology and the petroleum potential of the Arctic. Nine papers offer a circum-Arctic perspective on the Phanerozoic tectonic and palaeogeographic evolution, the currently recognized sedimentary basins, the gravity and magnetic fields and, perhaps most importantly, the petroleum resources and yet-to-find potential of the basins. The remaining 41 papers provide data-rich, geological and geophysical analyses and individual oil and gas assessments of specific basins throughout the Arctic. These detailed and well illustrated studies cover the continental areas of Laurentia, Baltica and Siberia and the Arctic Ocean. Of special interest are the 13 papers providing new data and interpretations on the extensive, little known, but promising, basins of Russia.
A DVD is provided inside the back of the book, that contains PDFs of all papers plus all related Supplementary Publications.