Tectonic setting, structure and petroleum geology of the Siberian Arctic offshore sedimentary basins
Sergey S. Drachev, 2011. "Tectonic setting, structure and petroleum geology of the Siberian Arctic offshore sedimentary basins", Arctic Petroleum Geology, Anthony M. Spencer, Ashton F. Embry, Donald L. Gautier, Antonina V. Stoupakova, Kai Sørensen
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The paper summarizes the results of geological and geophysical studies of the Siberian Arctic Shelf (Laptev, East Siberian and Chukchi seas), which is one of the largest continental shelves on Earth. This region consists of as many as 22 significant sedimentary basins of variable age and genesis which are expected to bear significant undiscovered volumes of hydrocarbons. Two major groups of the basins are identified based on the age of the underlying crustal basement: (1) post-Hauterivian/Barremian basins resting on the Late Mesozoic folded basement; and (2) older (Late Palaeozoic to Early Mesozoic?) basins preserved outboard of the Late Mesozoic deformational front in the northern part of the East Siberian and Chukchi seas. At least two significant tectonic events caused the overall tectonic pattern of the shelf as well as formation and structural styles of its individual crustal domains and the sedimentary basins: (1) Late Mesozoic convergence and subsequent collision of the Arctic Alaska–Chukchi Microplate with the Verkhoyansk–Kolyma/Omolon margin of the North Asia Continent around 130–125 Ma (the Verkhoyansk–Brookian compressional event); and (2) a series of Cretaceous and Cenozoic extensional events related to the origin of the Arctic oceanic basins. Based on 2D regional multichannel seismic reflection data constrained by onshore geology, plate tectonic models and inter-regional correlations, as well as on gravity and magnetic grids, the structural styles, lithostratigraphy and possible hydrocarbon systems of the offshore sedimentary basins are considered.
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The vast Arctic region contains nine proven petroleum provinces with giant resources but over half of the sedimentary basins are completely undrilled, making the region the last major frontier for conventional oil and gas exploration. This book provides a comprehensive overview of the geology and the petroleum potential of the Arctic. Nine papers offer a circum-Arctic perspective on the Phanerozoic tectonic and palaeogeographic evolution, the currently recognized sedimentary basins, the gravity and magnetic fields and, perhaps most importantly, the petroleum resources and yet-to-find potential of the basins. The remaining 41 papers provide data-rich, geological and geophysical analyses and individual oil and gas assessments of specific basins throughout the Arctic. These detailed and well illustrated studies cover the continental areas of Laurentia, Baltica and Siberia and the Arctic Ocean. Of special interest are the 13 papers providing new data and interpretations on the extensive, little known, but promising, basins of Russia.
A DVD is provided inside the back of the book, that contains PDFs of all papers plus all related Supplementary Publications.