Triassic deltaic sequences in the northern Barents Sea
T. Høy, B. A. Lundschien, 2011. "Triassic deltaic sequences in the northern Barents Sea", Arctic Petroleum Geology, Anthony M. Spencer, Ashton F. Embry, Donald L. Gautier, Antonina V. Stoupakova, Kai Sørensen
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Seismic sequence interpretation, analysis of shallow boreholes and outcrop studies at Svalbard strongly indicate that the Triassic basin in the northern Barents Sea and eastern Svalbard was supplied by sediments from the south east by a large complex prograding delta system. The seismic facies interpretation suggests that the black Ladinian and Anisian shale (Botneheia Formation) is an integrated part of the prograding delta system and developed as the bottom sets of large pro-delta clinoforms. The clinoforms and their breaking points define a series of seismically detectable sequences at a shelf edge delta. Provenance areas are suggested to be Siberia, the Kola Peninsula and the Caledonides. Each sequence has a maximum thickness of 200–400 m and is interpreted to represent the water depth range in the basin. Seasonal flooding, stratified salinity and algal blooming are assumed to be important factors generating anoxic bottom conditions in a huge death zone in front of the prograding delta system. The folded and thrusted Triassic rocks in the western part of Svalbard are suggested to be part of an allochthonous nappe ejected from the Greenland region when Greenland moved northwards along the Hornsund Fault complex; their original position is suggested to be further south.
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The vast Arctic region contains nine proven petroleum provinces with giant resources but over half of the sedimentary basins are completely undrilled, making the region the last major frontier for conventional oil and gas exploration. This book provides a comprehensive overview of the geology and the petroleum potential of the Arctic. Nine papers offer a circum-Arctic perspective on the Phanerozoic tectonic and palaeogeographic evolution, the currently recognized sedimentary basins, the gravity and magnetic fields and, perhaps most importantly, the petroleum resources and yet-to-find potential of the basins. The remaining 41 papers provide data-rich, geological and geophysical analyses and individual oil and gas assessments of specific basins throughout the Arctic. These detailed and well illustrated studies cover the continental areas of Laurentia, Baltica and Siberia and the Arctic Ocean. Of special interest are the 13 papers providing new data and interpretations on the extensive, little known, but promising, basins of Russia.
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