Phanerozoic palaeoenvironment and palaeolithofacies maps of the Arctic region
Jan Golonka, 2011. "Phanerozoic palaeoenvironment and palaeolithofacies maps of the Arctic region", Arctic Petroleum Geology, Anthony M. Spencer, Ashton F. Embry, Donald L. Gautier, Antonina V. Stoupakova, Kai Sørensen
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Sixty-three maps illustrate geodynamic evolution and development of palaeoenvironments and palaeolithofacies of the Circum-Arctic region during Phanerozoic times. After the break-up of Rodinia and Pannotia in the Early Palaeozoic, the major Arctic plates Baltica, Siberia and Laurentia drifted from their original position around the South Pole towards the Supercontinent Pangea, which existed in the equatorial position during Late Palaeozoic and Early Mesozoic times. During the Mesozoic and Cenozoic plates gathered around newly formed Arctic Ocean. Large continental masses were assembled from major plates and numerous small plates and terranes on the northern hemisphere and around the North Pole. All the continents were by now connected. Carbonates were abundant in Siberia and Laurentia during Palaeozoic times. Clastic sedimentation prevailed during Mesozoic and Cenozoic times. The distribution of lithofacies shows climatic change associated with continental assembly and disassembly as well as with the steady northward drift of the continents.