Analysing the latitudinal diversity gradient in marine bivalves
Published:January 01, 2000
David Jablonski, Kaustuv Roy, James W. Valentine, 2000. "Analysing the latitudinal diversity gradient in marine bivalves", The Evolutionary Biology of the Bivalvia, E. M. Harper, J. D. Taylor, J. A. Crame
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Marine bivalves of the eastern Pacific continental shelf show a strong diversity gradient from the Arctic Ocean to the tropics. This gradient is underlain by strong diversity trends in both infaunal and epifaunal bivalves, contrary to Thorson's influential hypothesis (1952, Verhandlungen der Deutschen Zoologischen Gesellschaft, 1951, 267–327), and is significantly correlated with mean sea-surface temperature; either raw data or a residuals analysis yields p < 0.0001. Patterns differ according to trophic group and phylogeny; however, suspension feeders conform to the general bivalve diversity gradient, as do facultative deposit feeders such as tellinids, while deposit feeding protobranchs do not. Infaunal and epifaunal diversity gradients have different slopes so that their ratio changes with latitude; data on Jurassic and Cretaceous bivalves suggests that this ratio has varied in slope and intercept over geological time.
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The Evolutionary Biology of the Bivalvia
Bivalves are key components of Recent marine and freshwater ecosystems and have been so for most of the Phanerozoic. Their rich and long fossil record, combined with their abundance and diversity in modern seas, has made bivalves the ideal subject of palaeobiological and evolutionary studies. Despite this, however, topics such as the early evolution of the class, relationships between various taxa and the life habits of some key extinct forms have remained remarkably unclear.
In the last few years there has been enormous expansion in the range of techniques available to both palaeontologists and zoologists and key discoveries of new faunas which shed new light on the evolutionary biology of this important class.
This volume integrates palaeontological and zoological approaches and sheds new light on the course of bivalve evolution. This series of 32 original papers tackles key issues including: up to date molecular phylogenies of major groups; new hard and soft tissue morphological cladistic analyses; reassessments of the early Palaeozoic radiation; important new observations on form and functional morphology; analyses of biogeography and biodiversity; novel (palaeo)ecological studies