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Molecular phylogeny of the Bivalvia inferred from 18S rDNA sequences with particular reference to the Pteriomorphia

By
Gerhard Steiner
Gerhard Steiner
Institute of Zoology, University of Vienna, Althanstr. 14, A-1090 Vienna, Austria (gerhard.steiner@univie.ac.at)
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Sabine Hammer
Sabine Hammer
Institute of Zoology, University of Vienna, Althanstr. 14, A-1090 Vienna, Austria (gerhard.steiner@univie.ac.at)
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Published:
January 01, 2000

Abstract

The classification of the Pteriomorphia, a major division of the Bivalvia with Ordovician origins, is controversial both among palaeontologists and neontologists. To elucidate phylogenetic relationships new near-complete 18S rDNA sequences of 26 Pteriomorphia, three Protobranchia, three Heterodonta, one Anomalodesmata and three Scaphopoda were obtained, aligned with 71 other published molluscan sequences, and analysed with parsimony, maximum likelihood and spectral analysis. Although Bivalvia appear diphyletic due to heterogeneity of substitution rates among lineages, monophyly of Protobranchia, Heteroconchia and Pteriomorphia is supported. The heteroconch Lucinida, Myoida and Venerida are not monophyletic, and Anomalodesmata arise from within Heteroconchia. The basal nodes of Pteriomorphia have little support but two major clades, [Pinnoidea (Ostreoidea + Pterioidea)] and [(Anomioidea + Plicatuloidea) + (Limoidea + Pectinoidea)], are resolved with more confidence. The strongly supported clade of Anomioidea + Plicatuloidea, the separation of Pinnoidea from Pterioidea and most of the intrafamiliar relationships are not in accordance with morphological classifications. Combining these results with selected morphological characters, a phylogenetic hypothesis is proposed showing Mytiloidea and Arcoidea as the basal pteriomorph groups, the latter giving rise to the clade uniting the pinnoid-ostreoid-pterioid and the anomioid-limoid-pectinoid lines.

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Contents

Geological Society, London, Special Publications

The Evolutionary Biology of the Bivalvia

E. M. Harper
E. M. Harper
Cambridge University, UK
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J. D. Taylor
J. D. Taylor
The Natural History Museum, UK
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J. A. Crame
J. A. Crame
British Antarctic Survey, UK
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Geological Society of London
Volume
177
ISBN electronic:
9781862394254
Publication date:
January 01, 2000

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