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The taxonomic history of the late Jurassic–Cretaceous rudist bivalves (Superfamily Hippuritoidea) is reviewed and a new phylogeny based on cladistic analysis of 32 skeletal characters is proposed. Informative characters include: relative thickness and structures of the outer (calcitic) shell layer; valve asymmetry and attachment to the substrate by either the left or right valve; form of the ligament; and, in the aragonitic inner shell, the dentition and shelly supports (myophores) for the adductor muscles, as well as accessory cavities and blind-ending (pallial) canals. The myocardinal complex (teeth and myophores) is especially important for discriminating clades previously lumped in paraphyletic...

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