Micromorphological analyses of microfabrics and microstructures indicative of deformation processes in glacial sediments
Published:January 01, 2000
John Menzies, 2000. "Micromorphological analyses of microfabrics and microstructures indicative of deformation processes in glacial sediments", Deformation of Glacial Materials, Alex J. Maltman, Bryn Hubbard, Michael J. Hambrey
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Various forms of sediment deformation can be detected within glacial sediments at the microscopic scale. Analyses of these forms leads to a preliminary classification of microfabrics and microstructures of brittle, ductile and polyphase modes of deformation in glacial sediments. With the development of a taxonomy of different microfabrics and microstructures these processes, once differentiated, permit insights into glacial sediments to a scale and level of detail hitherto unknown. Examples are presented that illustrate some of these different forms of deformation often within a single glacial sediment sample. This research suggests many of the past ideas with regard to details of glacial depositional processes, especially in terms of diamicton deposition and subsequent classifications, need to be re-evaluated.
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Deformation of Glacial Materials
The flow of glacier ice can produce structures that are striking and beautiful. Associated sediments, too, can develop spectacular deformation structures, and examples are remarkbly well preserved in Quaternary deposits. Although such features have long been recognized, they are now the subject of new attention from glaciologists and glacial geologists.
This collection of papers addresses how the methods for unravelling deformation structures evolved in recent years by structural geologists can be used for glacial materials, and the opportunities offered to structural geologists by glacial materials for studying deformation in rocks.