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Indian plate, granulite facies, migmatitic basement gneisses exposed within the Nanga Parbat syntaxis host at least two generations of mafic sheets. In the southern part of the syntaxis, concordant sheets yield Palaeo-Proterozoic model ages of 2.2–2.6 Ga, which probably date early stages of continental growth. In the northern part of the syntaxis the sheets include a suite of discordant, silica-saturated or oversaturated sub-alkaline basalts extracted from a slightly depleted sub-continental mantle. Nd model ages and an imprecise Sm-Nd isochron yield an age of emplacement at between 1.6 and 1.8 Ga. That these dykes cross-cut granulite facies migmatitic fabrics implies that peak metamorphism in the Indian plate gneisses was, at latest, Meso-Proterozoic and not Tertiary in age. Zircon and amphibole ages published elsewhere suggest that this metamorphism was probably c. 1850 Ma in age. That the basement gneisses were refractory by the Tertiary has implications for the derivation of leucogranite sheets during the Neogene. Although the gneisses experienced a Tertiary-aged metamorphism, it was to lower temperatures than the Meso-Proterozoic metamorphism. Unless the gneisses were rehydrated during the Tertiary, the leucogranites need to have been sourced from more fertile rocks underplating the granulite facies basement complex.

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