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Sequence stratigraphy and architecture of the Late Pleistocene Lagniappe delta complex, northeast Gulf of Mexico

By
V. Kolla
V. Kolla
Elf Exploration-Production, CSTJFPau, France
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P. Biondi
P. Biondi
Elf Exploration-Production, CSTJFPau, France
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B. Long
B. Long
INRS-OceanologieRimouski, Canada
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R. Fillon
R. Fillon
Texaco Inc.New Orleans, USA
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Published:
January 01, 2000

Abstract

During the last fourth-order glacial-interglacial cycle (e.g. post oxygen isotope stage 5) the Lagniappe Delta system located in the northeast Gulf of Mexico, prograded several tens of miles seaward along two main NE–SW and N–S trending fairways. The delta complex is underlain by a well-developed calcareous shale-rich condensed section that was deposited during isotope stage 5. The delta complex comprises many progradational lobes that were deposited during fifth-order sea-level falls and during the fourth-order maximum lowstand and early rise of sea level associated with isotope stages 4 to 2. Each significant fifth-order sea level fall developed a sequence boundary with an unconformity updip and a correlative conformity downdip on which a delta lobe was deposited. Autocyclic processes also lead to deposition of numerous lobes through lobe switching. During the maximum sea-level lowstand, deep erosion related to the development of an extensive incised valley system occurred across the top of the prograding wedges that were deposited during relative sea-level fall (the falling stage systems tract) and modified all of the previous updip unconformities. The base of the incised valley system, and its correlative downdip conformity, form the main fourth-order sequence boundary. It is on this surface that the last part of the delta complex was deposited during the maximum lowstand and early rise of sea-level. Thus, during the last fourth-order cycle, several fifth-order ‘initial’ sequence boundaries and one fourth-order ‘final’ sequence boundary were formed. Infilling of the incised valley system occurred mainly during the early and late rise of sea-level (isotope stages 2 and younger), prior to a major landward shift of deltaic sedimentation in response to the rapid eustatic rise in sea level during isotope stage 1.

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Contents

Geological Society, London, Special Publications

Sedimentary Responses to Forced Regressions

D. Hunt
D. Hunt
The University of Manchester, UK
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R. L. Gawthorpe
R. L. Gawthorpe
The University of Manchester, UK
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Geological Society of London
Volume
172
ISBN electronic:
9781862394209
Publication date:
January 01, 2000

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