The Archaeology of Geological Catastrophes
Archaeology is playing an increasingly important role in unravelling the details of geological catastrophes that occurred in the past few millennia. This collection of papers addresses both established and innovative archaeological methods and techniques, and their application in examining the impact of earthquakes and volcanic eruptions. This comprehensive volume includes case studies from around the world, such as Europe, Africa, SE Asia, Central and North America; covering historical and archaeological aspects of earthquakes and volcanic eruptions.
Although the bulk of the collection views earthquakes and volcanic eruptions as agents of destruction, the volume also considers their potential benefits to past cultures - providing materials for tools, building and sculpture, and even the fertile environmental conditions on which societies depended. New geophysical, geological, and archaeometrical methods and techniques are described and the application of these new ideas presented, providing improved knowledge of these ancient catastrophes. There is a strong focus on arguably the most prominent geological catastrophe in the archaeological record - the Bronze Age eruption of Thera (Santorini, Greece) and its consequent regional impacts on Minoan culture. This multidisciplinary text is of benefit to academic researchers and educators in archaeology, palaeoseismology and volcanology alike.
Endemic stress, farming communities and the influence of Icelandic volcanic eruptions in the Scottish Highlands
Published:January 01, 2000
R. A. Dodgshon, D. D. Gilbertson, J. P. Grattan, 2000. "Endemic stress, farming communities and the influence of Icelandic volcanic eruptions in the Scottish Highlands", The Archaeology of Geological Catastrophes, W. J. McGuire, D. R. Griffiths, P. L. Hancock, I. S. Stewart
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This paper explores present understanding of the possible impacts that volcanic eruptions in Iceland might have had upon the environments and traditional farming systems of the Highlands and Islands of Scotland, before ‘the Clearances’ of the late 18th and 19th centuries AD. It reconstructs both the nature of the impacts and the character of the risks that might have been faced by subsistence communities within the historical period from such Icelandic volcanic eruptions, and as such serves to redirect a research emphasis that has previously been principally focused upon the European Bronze Age. The study also emphasizes that...