The Archaeology of Geological Catastrophes
Archaeology is playing an increasingly important role in unravelling the details of geological catastrophes that occurred in the past few millennia. This collection of papers addresses both established and innovative archaeological methods and techniques, and their application in examining the impact of earthquakes and volcanic eruptions. This comprehensive volume includes case studies from around the world, such as Europe, Africa, SE Asia, Central and North America; covering historical and archaeological aspects of earthquakes and volcanic eruptions.
Although the bulk of the collection views earthquakes and volcanic eruptions as agents of destruction, the volume also considers their potential benefits to past cultures - providing materials for tools, building and sculpture, and even the fertile environmental conditions on which societies depended. New geophysical, geological, and archaeometrical methods and techniques are described and the application of these new ideas presented, providing improved knowledge of these ancient catastrophes. There is a strong focus on arguably the most prominent geological catastrophe in the archaeological record - the Bronze Age eruption of Thera (Santorini, Greece) and its consequent regional impacts on Minoan culture. This multidisciplinary text is of benefit to academic researchers and educators in archaeology, palaeoseismology and volcanology alike.
Ground-penetrating radar mapping of Minoan volcanic deposits and the Late Bronze Age palaeotopography, Thera, Greece
Published:January 01, 2000
James K. Russell, Mark V. Stasiuk, 2000. "Ground-penetrating radar mapping of Minoan volcanic deposits and the Late Bronze Age palaeotopography, Thera, Greece", The Archaeology of Geological Catastrophes, W. J. McGuire, D. R. Griffiths, P. L. Hancock, I. S. Stewart
Download citation file:
The Late Bronze Age (LBA) eruption of Santorini volcano deposited ash over most of the eastern Mediterranean, distributed thick deposits of pyroclastic material over the local landscape, and instantly buried the Minoan-aged living surface of these islands. Ground-penetrating radar (GPR) studies of the LBA volcanic deposits on Thera have allowed us to establish the thickness of individual pyroclastic units, to trace units laterally, and to establish facies variations in areas where the deposits are unexposed. GPR data are presented for two sites: Site A is a survey over LBA volcanic deposits exposed in the Phira quarry, immediately south of...