The Archaeology of Geological Catastrophes
Archaeology is playing an increasingly important role in unravelling the details of geological catastrophes that occurred in the past few millennia. This collection of papers addresses both established and innovative archaeological methods and techniques, and their application in examining the impact of earthquakes and volcanic eruptions. This comprehensive volume includes case studies from around the world, such as Europe, Africa, SE Asia, Central and North America; covering historical and archaeological aspects of earthquakes and volcanic eruptions.
Although the bulk of the collection views earthquakes and volcanic eruptions as agents of destruction, the volume also considers their potential benefits to past cultures - providing materials for tools, building and sculpture, and even the fertile environmental conditions on which societies depended. New geophysical, geological, and archaeometrical methods and techniques are described and the application of these new ideas presented, providing improved knowledge of these ancient catastrophes. There is a strong focus on arguably the most prominent geological catastrophe in the archaeological record - the Bronze Age eruption of Thera (Santorini, Greece) and its consequent regional impacts on Minoan culture. This multidisciplinary text is of benefit to academic researchers and educators in archaeology, palaeoseismology and volcanology alike.
Santorini (Greece) before the Minoan eruption: a reconstruction of the ring-island, natural resources and clay deposits from the Akrotiri excavation
Published:January 01, 2000
Walter L. Friedrich, Marit-Solveig Seidenkrantz, Ole Bjørslev Nielsen, 2000. "Santorini (Greece) before the Minoan eruption: a reconstruction of the ring-island, natural resources and clay deposits from the Akrotiri excavation", The Archaeology of Geological Catastrophes, W. J. McGuire, D. R. Griffiths, P. L. Hancock, I. S. Stewart
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Before the catastrophic eruption around 1640 BC, Thera, Therasia and Aspronisi formed a ring-shaped island with a sea-flooded caldera in the middle. The so-called Pre-Kameni Island was situated in the centre of the caldera. This reconstruction is based on the study of stromatolites found in eruption products as well as other geological observations. The location of pre-eruption settlements or sites on the present rim of the Santorini caldera seems to support this reconstruction. Many of the rocks and minerals used in the Bronze Age culture are of local origin. Foraminiferal and mineralogical studies enable us to trace the source...