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Neoproterozoic glaciation of South Norway: from continental interior to rift and pericratonic basins in western Baltica

By
Johan P. Nystuen
Johan P. Nystuen
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Jarkko T. Lamminen
Jarkko T. Lamminen
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Published:
January 01, 2011

Abstract

Neoproterozoic glacial deposits of South Norway comprise the Moelv and Koppang formations. The former occurs on Baltican crystalline basement in autochthonous position at the Caledonian erosional nappe front, on basement windows and basement thrust sheets in the Caledonian nappe region, and in thick sedimentary successions in the allochthonous Hedmark and Valdres rift basins. The Koppang Formation (Fm.) occurs on top of platform carbonates in the allochthonous pericratonic Engerdalen Basin. The glacial deposits are dominated by diamictite interpreted as basal till from warm-based grounded ice, whereas stratified successions of diamictite beds, sandstone and laminated siltstone with outsized stones represent local ice-margin deposits and/or subglacially infilled water bodies, and the final glaciomarine stage. Palinspastic reconstruction of Caledonian nappe complexes carrying the glacial formations indicates that the glacial deposits were deposited over a wide area by a large western Baltoscandian ice sheet, probably during the Gaskiers (c. 580 Ma) glacial event (or events), but the age of the glaciation in South Norway needs to be better constrained.

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Contents

Geological Society, London, Memoirs

The Geological Record of Neoproterozoic Glaciations

Emmanuelle Arnaud
Emmanuelle Arnaud
University of Guelph, Canada
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Galen P. Halverson
Galen P. Halverson
McGill University, Canada
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Graham Shields-Zhou
Graham Shields-Zhou
University College London, UK
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Geological Society of London
Volume
36
ISBN electronic:
9781862394117
Publication date:
January 01, 2011

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