The glaciogenic Jequitaí Formation, southeastern Brazil
A. Uhlein, C. J. S. Alvarenga, M. A. Dardenne, R. R. Trompette, 2011. "The glaciogenic Jequitaí Formation, southeastern Brazil", The Geological Record of Neoproterozoic Glaciations, Emmanuelle Arnaud, Galen P. Halverson, Graham Shields-Zhou
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Glaciogenic deposits of the Jequitaí Formation (Fm.) are well exposed along the margins of the Serra do Cabral on the São Francisco Craton, southeastern Brazil. The Jequitaí Formation is thin (0–150 m thick), lenticular and overlies the Espinhaço Supergroup on a discrete unconformity. Sandstones show subglacial erosional structures such as grooved and striated pavements oriented ENE–WSW. The Jequitaí Fm. consists of massive and stratified diamictites with granules, pebbles and boulders of gneiss, granite, quartzite and carbonate. At the base, the diamictites are massive, whereas the upper part contains many alternating beds of clast-rich and -poor diamictites. They also contain discontinuous, fine-grained sandstones and a few laminated siltstone–mudstone intercalations. This diamictite association indicates glaciomarine sedimentation. The Jequitaí Fm. covers the São Francisco cratonic domain and its equivalent extends eastward over the Araçuaí fold belt where it is part of the metasedimentary Macaúbas Group, a thick Neoproterozoic unit with metadiamictites, quartzites and schists. The diamictite–turbidite association of the Macaúbas Group was deposited on the border of the Pan-African–Brasiliano rift as gravity flows.