The Tatonduk inlier, Alaska–Yukon border
Francis A. Macdonald, Phoebe A. Cohen, 2011. "The Tatonduk inlier, Alaska–Yukon border", The Geological Record of Neoproterozoic Glaciations, Emmanuelle Arnaud, Galen P. Halverson, Graham Shields-Zhou
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Glaciogenic deposits of the Rapitan and Hay Creek Groups are exposed in the Tatonduk inlier of east-central Alaska and the western Yukon. The Rapitan Group ranges in thickness from c. 50 to 700 m with Fe-formation common in the upper 10 m. In the most distal settings, the Rapitan Group is separated from the diamictite of the Hay Creek Group by over 100 m of sandstone and siltstone; however, the Hay Creek Group contains large erosive surfaces and cannibalizing breccia, and rarely preserves strata between the two glaciogenic deposits. The diamictite of the Hay Creek Group is capped by a white- to buff-coloured dolostone with pseudo-teepee structures, bed-parallel, isopachous sheet-crack cements, and a depleted C-isotope signature. Late Neoproterozoic glacial deposits in the Tatonduk inlier were formerly assigned to the Tindir Group. To simplify the nomenclature in the northwestern Canadian Cordillera, the Tindir Group was abandoned and replaced with nomenclature consistent with that of the Windermere Supergroup in the Mackenzie Mountains. The mixed lithology and anchizone-grade metamorphism distinguish the Rapitan and Hay Creek Groups in the Tatonduk inlier as attractive future targets for integrated micropalaeontology, geochemistry, palaeomagnetism and geochronology.
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In recent years, interest in Neoproterozoic glaciations has grown as their pivotal role in Earth system evolution has become increasingly clear. One of the main goals of the IGCP Project No. 512 was to produce a synthesis of newly available information on Neoproterozoic successions worldwide similar in format to Hambrey & Harland’s (1981) Earth’s pre-Pleistocene Glacial Record. This Memoir therefore consists of a series of overview chapters followed by site-specific chapters. The overview chapters cover key topics including the history of research on Neoproterozoic glaciations, identification of glacial deposits, chemostratigraphic techniques and datasets, palaeomagnetism, biostratigraphy, geochronology and climate modelling. The site specific chapters for 60 successions worldwide include reviews of the history of research on these rocks and up-to-date syntheses of the structural framework, tectonic setting, palaeomagnetic and geochronological constraints, physical, biological, and chemical stratigraphy, and descriptions of the glaciogenic and associated strata, including economic deposits.