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The Tsagaan Oloom Formation, southwestern Mongolia

By
Francis A. Macdonald
Francis A. Macdonald
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Published:
January 01, 2011

Abstract

The Tsagaan Oloom Formation (Fm.) in southwestern Mongolia contains two Neoproterozoic glacial deposits, with diamictite in the Maikhan Ul Member (Mb.) and in the Khongoryn Mb., which are separated by over 500 m of limestone. The Maikhan Ul Mb. ranges in thickness between 5 m and greater than 300 m, expanding in deeper-water sections towards the SW, where it is composed of two massive diamictites separated by over 100 m of sandstone, siltstone and shale. The basal 10 m of the overlying Tayshir Mb. of the Tsagaan Oloom Fm. consists of a fine-laminated, dark grey limestone. The Khongoryn Mb. is composed primarily of limestone clasts in a shale matrix, and is between 0 and 23 m thick. The overlying Ol Mb. contains sedimentary structures characteristic of basal Ediacaran cap carbonates including micropeloids, tubestone stromatolites, giant wave ripples and former aragonite crystal fans. U–Pb evaporation ages from zircons in the underlying Dzabkhan Volcanics constrain the Tsagaan Oloom Fm. to <773 Ma, and tuffs within the Maikhan Ul and Tayshir members testify to the potential for additional geochronology. The Cryogenian organic-rich limestone of the Tayshir Mb., which lies between the two glacial deposits, is ideally suited for geochemical studies and has been the subject of several carbon, strontium and rare earth element investigations. Limited palaeomagnetic studies suggest a mid- to low-latitude position of the Dzabkhan platform during deposition of the glaciogenic strata, and additional studies are in progress.

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Contents

Geological Society, London, Memoirs

The Geological Record of Neoproterozoic Glaciations

Emmanuelle Arnaud
Emmanuelle Arnaud
University of Guelph, Canada
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Galen P. Halverson
Galen P. Halverson
McGill University, Canada
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Graham Shields-Zhou
Graham Shields-Zhou
University College London, UK
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Geological Society of London
Volume
36
ISBN electronic:
9781862394117
Publication date:
January 01, 2011

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