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The Neoproterozoic glacial formations of the North and Middle Urals

Nickolay M. Chumakov
Nickolay M. Chumakov
Geological Institute Russian Academy of Sciences, Pyzhevskiy per. 7, Moscow 109017, Russia (e-mail:
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January 01, 2011


In the North and Middle Urals, four Neoproterozoic diamictite-dominating units are known: the Churochnaya, Tany and Koyva formations and Lower Starye Pechi Subformation. A glacial origin for the diamictites is indicated by a number of characteristic features such as erratic stones, striated and faceted clasts, shales with dropstones, preferential orientation of elongated stones, the wide distribution and confinement to certain stratigraphic levels of the deposits, and the association with distinct post-glacial dolostones. Most diamictites were deposited in a glaciomarine environment and sourced from an ice sheet on the East European craton. The Churochnaya Formation also contains subordinate terrestrial and probably seasonal sea ice deposits. This formation accumulated on a glaciated continental shelf, while the Tany, Koyva and Starye Pechi formations were deposited on the outer shelf and continental slope of the eastern margin of the East European Craton. The Middle Ural sections contain the White Sea (Ediacaran) Metazoa assemblage, typical late Neoproterozoic microfossils, stromatolite associations, and radiometric dates obtained from volcanic tuffs, granosyenites, trachytes and trachyandesites. The combined data suggest that the Lower Starye Pechi Subformation was deposited in the middle of the Ediacaran Period (Early Vendian). The Churochnaya Formation of the North Urals and the Tany and Koyva formations of the Middle Urals were likely deposited in the late Cryogenian period (Early Vendian).

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Geological Society, London, Memoirs

The Geological Record of Neoproterozoic Glaciations

Emmanuelle Arnaud
Emmanuelle Arnaud
University of Guelph, Canada
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Galen P. Halverson
Galen P. Halverson
McGill University, Canada
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Graham Shields-Zhou
Graham Shields-Zhou
University College London, UK
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Geological Society of London
ISBN electronic:
Publication date:
January 01, 2011




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