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Abstract

The focus of this chapter is the West Congo Supergroup in the West Congo Belt (WCB), which extends along the western margin of the Congo Craton from Gabon in the north to northern Angola in the south, and the Lindi/Ubangi Supergroup of the Lindian and Fouroumbala – Bakouma Basins exposed on the northern margin of the craton. In both regions, up to two distinct diamictite horizons have been recognized, the younger of which is often associated with carbonate rocks. Geochronological constraints are generally rather poor, many of the deposits lack modern sedimentological analysis, and the glacial versus non-glacial genesis of the diamictites is a matter of debate in the literature. However, recent studies suggest a periglacial influence of diamictite deposition, particularly for the sequences in the WCB. The stratigraphy of the various basins is described, available geochemical and geochronological information collated, and recent work regarding the periglacial nature of the diamictites discussed. Finally, an updated chronostratigraphic correlation between the basins is presented. However, much more work is required, particularly in the Neoproterozoic basins on the northern margin of the Congo Craton, and more accurate geochronological constraints are required before the Neoproterozoic palaeogeography and depositional environments of the western and northern Congo Craton can be fully understood.

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