The geological record of Neoproterozoic ice ages
Emmanuelle Arnaud, Galen P. Halverson, Graham Shields-Zhou, 2011. "The geological record of Neoproterozoic ice ages", The Geological Record of Neoproterozoic Glaciations, Emmanuelle Arnaud, Galen P. Halverson, Graham Shields-Zhou
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The IUGS- and UNESCO-funded International Geoscience Programme Project #512 (Neoproterozoic Ice Ages) was conceived to contribute towards a global synthesis of current geological data on the number, duration, extent, causes and consequences of glacial episodes during the Neoproterozoic Era. IGCP 512 attracted more than 200 scientists from over 30 countries, many of whom provided their regional and specialist expertise on Neoproterozoic successions around the world to the realization of this volume. IGCP 512 focused on integrating various aspects of Neoproterozoic geology: geochronology, geochemistry, sedimentary geology, biostratigraphy, palaeomagnetism and economic geology. At its inaugural meeting on 27 August 2005 during the International Association of Sedimentology conference on glacial processes and products in Aberystwyth, Wales, IGCP 512 members decided to produce a volume that summarized existing data sets in a form similar to Earth's Pre-Pleistocene Glacial Record by Hambrey & Harland (1981).
An enormous amount of work has been carried out in the 12 years since the publication of Hoffman et al.'s (1998) paper on the Snowball Earth hypothesis for Neoproterozoic glaciation (Fairchild & Kennedy 2007). The Snowball Earth hypothesis and, more generally, Neoproterozoic climate, have been the topic of numerous special volumes, special sessions, a dedicated conference in Ascona (Switzerland) in 2006 (Shields 2006), and numerous documentaries. Motivated by this intense worldwide interest in the Neoproterozoic glaciations and an exploding body of research into the topic, this volume synthesizes the state-of-the-art in this now highly multidisciplinary research field. It is intended to facilitate
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In recent years, interest in Neoproterozoic glaciations has grown as their pivotal role in Earth system evolution has become increasingly clear. One of the main goals of the IGCP Project No. 512 was to produce a synthesis of newly available information on Neoproterozoic successions worldwide similar in format to Hambrey & Harland’s (1981) Earth’s pre-Pleistocene Glacial Record. This Memoir therefore consists of a series of overview chapters followed by site-specific chapters. The overview chapters cover key topics including the history of research on Neoproterozoic glaciations, identification of glacial deposits, chemostratigraphic techniques and datasets, palaeomagnetism, biostratigraphy, geochronology and climate modelling. The site specific chapters for 60 successions worldwide include reviews of the history of research on these rocks and up-to-date syntheses of the structural framework, tectonic setting, palaeomagnetic and geochronological constraints, physical, biological, and chemical stratigraphy, and descriptions of the glaciogenic and associated strata, including economic deposits.