Direct visualization and extraction of stratigraphic targets in complex structural settings
Huw James, Rob Bond, Lucy Eastwood, 2004. "Direct visualization and extraction of stratigraphic targets in complex structural settings", 3D Seismic Technology: Application to the Exploration of Sedimentary Basins, Richard J. Davies, Joseph A. Cartwright, Simon A. Stewart, Mark Lappin, John R. Underhill
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Advances in 3D visualization and volume detection have greatly improved our ability to find stratigraphic targets in areas of complex structure. In this paper we apply volume sculpting, seismic facies analysis and prediction of rock properties from seismic data to resolve a potential reservoir channel from a highly faulted setting in offshore Indonesia. These techniques use computational power to search for patterns in the data. These patterns may be presented to the interpreter or may be used to transform seismic and well data into estimates of rock properties. Such techniques should improve development efficiency in areas where complex structure has previously precluded the use of these techniques.
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A ‘new age’ of subsurface geological mapping that is just as far ranging in scope as the frontier source geological mapping campaigns of the past two centuries in emerging. It is the direct result of the advent of 2D, and subsequently 3D, seismic data paralleled by advances in seismic acquisition and processing over the past three decades. Subsurface mapping is fuelled by the economic drive to explore and recover hydrocarbons but inevitably it will lead to major conceptual advances in Earth sciences, across a broader range of disciplines than those made during the 2D seismic revolution of the 1970s. Now that 3D seismic data coverage has increased and the technology is widely available we are poised to mine the full intellectual and economic benefits. This book illustrates how 3D seismic technology is being used to understand depositional systems and stratigraphy, structural and igneous geology, in developing and producing from hydrocarbon reservoirs and also what recent technological advances have been made. This technological journey is a fast-moving one where the remaining scientific potential still far exceeds the scope of the advances made thus far. This book explores the breadth of the opportunities that lie ahead as well as the inevitable accompanying challeges.