Application at development and production scale
2004. "Application at development and production scale", 3D Seismic Technology: Application to the Exploration of Sedimentary Basins, Richard J. Davies, Joseph A. Cartwright, Simon A. Stewart, Mark Lappin, John R. Underhill
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Examples from the Carboniferous of the UK Southern North Sea are used to illustrate the application of visualization tools to increase the effectiveness of 3D seismic interpretation. Maintaining the seismic data to the fore throughout the interpretation workflow and decision-making process is vital for well planning in field development and trap validation in prospect evaluation. Scaling of the seismic into the ‘true-depth’ domain and the automatic generation and visualization of layers using isochores derived from well data are the key elements in this interpretation workflow. Together these allow full integration of the seismic with various well data and interpreted elements. The main example is from Murdoch K, one of ConocoPhillips’s most recent UK discoveries, part of a pre-Permian extensional graben inverted during the Early Tertiary tectonic phase. Other examples from the McAdam Field and an exploration prospect are used to highlight additional aspects of the method.
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A ‘new age’ of subsurface geological mapping that is just as far ranging in scope as the frontier source geological mapping campaigns of the past two centuries in emerging. It is the direct result of the advent of 2D, and subsequently 3D, seismic data paralleled by advances in seismic acquisition and processing over the past three decades. Subsurface mapping is fuelled by the economic drive to explore and recover hydrocarbons but inevitably it will lead to major conceptual advances in Earth sciences, across a broader range of disciplines than those made during the 2D seismic revolution of the 1970s. Now that 3D seismic data coverage has increased and the technology is widely available we are poised to mine the full intellectual and economic benefits. This book illustrates how 3D seismic technology is being used to understand depositional systems and stratigraphy, structural and igneous geology, in developing and producing from hydrocarbon reservoirs and also what recent technological advances have been made. This technological journey is a fast-moving one where the remaining scientific potential still far exceeds the scope of the advances made thus far. This book explores the breadth of the opportunities that lie ahead as well as the inevitable accompanying challeges.