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3D seismic analysis of the geometry of igneous sills and sill junction relationships

By
Dorthe Møller Hansen
Dorthe Møller Hansen
3DLab, School of Earth, Ocean and Planetary Sciences, Cardiff University, Main Building, Park Place, Cardiff CF10 3YE, UK (e-mail: dorthe@ocean.cf.ac.uk)
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Joseph A. Cartwright
Joseph A. Cartwright
3DLab, School of Earth, Ocean and Planetary Sciences, Cardiff University, Main Building, Park Place, Cardiff CF10 3YE, UK (e-mail: dorthe@ocean.cf.ac.uk)
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David Thomas
David Thomas
Shell E & P Ireland Limited, Corrib House, 52 Lower Leeson Street, Dublin 2, Republic of Ireland
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Published:
January 01, 2004

Abstract

We use 3D seismic data in a novel way to describe the three-dimensional geometry of a number of igneous bodies intruded into the upper crust as well as to define and classify sill junction relationships. Igneous intrusions were emplaced into Upper Cretaceous and Palaeocene sediments of the Faroe-Shetland Basin during the Early Palaeogene and in many cases they adopt remarkable saucer- or trough-shaped geometries that are 2-8 km in diameter and have a vertical relief of several hundred metres. Individual intrusions are interlinked and form highly interconnected sill complexes. Three geometrically distinctive classes of sill junctions are defined and illustrated with examples from seismic data. Each class implies a specific evolutionary sequence of events and these are discussed for each of the classes of junction. The class of junction often changes along the line of junction with one class evolving in space to another. This has significant implications for spatial reconstruction of sill complexes based on two-dimensional outcrop and this is illustrated with reference to an example from a 3D seismic dataset.

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Contents

Geological Society, London, Memoirs

3D Seismic Technology: Application to the Exploration of Sedimentary Basins

Richard J. Davies
Richard J. Davies
Cardiff University, UK
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Joseph A. Cartwright
Joseph A. Cartwright
Cardiff University, UK
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Simon A. Stewart
Simon A. Stewart
BP, Azerbaijan
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Mark Lappin
Mark Lappin
ExxonMobil Exploration Company, USA
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John R. Underhill
John R. Underhill
The University of Edinburgh, UK
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Geological Society of London
Volume
29
ISBN electronic:
9781862394049
Publication date:
January 01, 2004

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