3D seismic analysis of the geometry of igneous sills and sill junction relationships
Dorthe Møller Hansen, Joseph A. Cartwright, David Thomas, 2004. "3D seismic analysis of the geometry of igneous sills and sill junction relationships", 3D Seismic Technology: Application to the Exploration of Sedimentary Basins, Richard J. Davies, Joseph A. Cartwright, Simon A. Stewart, Mark Lappin, John R. Underhill
Download citation file:
We use 3D seismic data in a novel way to describe the three-dimensional geometry of a number of igneous bodies intruded into the upper crust as well as to define and classify sill junction relationships. Igneous intrusions were emplaced into Upper Cretaceous and Palaeocene sediments of the Faroe-Shetland Basin during the Early Palaeogene and in many cases they adopt remarkable saucer- or trough-shaped geometries that are 2-8 km in diameter and have a vertical relief of several hundred metres. Individual intrusions are interlinked and form highly interconnected sill complexes. Three geometrically distinctive classes of sill junctions are defined and illustrated with examples from seismic data. Each class implies a specific evolutionary sequence of events and these are discussed for each of the classes of junction. The class of junction often changes along the line of junction with one class evolving in space to another. This has significant implications for spatial reconstruction of sill complexes based on two-dimensional outcrop and this is illustrated with reference to an example from a 3D seismic dataset.