Interactions between topography and channel development from 3D seismic analysis: an example from the Tertiary of the Flett Ridge, Faroe-Shetland Basin, UK
Andrew M. Robinson, Joseph A. Cartwright, Peter M. Burgess, Richard J. Davies, 2004. "Interactions between topography and channel development from 3D seismic analysis: an example from the Tertiary of the Flett Ridge, Faroe-Shetland Basin, UK", 3D Seismic Technology: Application to the Exploration of Sedimentary Basins, Richard J. Davies, Joseph A. Cartwright, Simon A. Stewart, Mark Lappin, John R. Underhill
Download citation file:
Interpretation of 3D and 2D seismic data in the Faroe-Shetland Basin (FSB) has revealed the important role that structurally controlled bathymetry had in controlling sedimentary dispersal during Early Cenozoic thermal subsidence. The Flett Ridge was a major NE-SW structural high during some of the Palaeogene, actively growing and influencing adjacent sedimentary systems. During the Palaeogene this area of the FSB was a key entry point for siliciclastic sediment with a major deltaic system prograding towards the NW during the Middle Eocene. Prior to delta development, the Flett Ridge was onlapped during the Late Palaeocene and subsequently blanketed and drowned in Early Eocene times. Major periods of fluvial incision cutting up to 100 m into the Middle Eocene strata are identified and a variety of channel networks with differing trends documented. Broad channels or valleys of earliest Middle Eocene age inherited the palaeotopography created by the Flett Ridge, whereas subsequent later Middle Eocene meandering channels trend perpendicular to the shelf edge and traverse the Flett Ridge structure. Seismic amplitude maps suggest that a complex and variable channelized drainage system developed across the coastal plain and delta top in the Middle Eocene. These channels influenced sediment supply creating an area of bypass to the more distal fan systems preserved at the base of slope. Later faulting on the ridge crest may also have affected the channel network pattern.
Figures & Tables
3D Seismic Technology: Application to the Exploration of Sedimentary Basins
A ‘new age’ of subsurface geological mapping that is just as far ranging in scope as the frontier source geological mapping campaigns of the past two centuries in emerging. It is the direct result of the advent of 2D, and subsequently 3D, seismic data paralleled by advances in seismic acquisition and processing over the past three decades. Subsurface mapping is fuelled by the economic drive to explore and recover hydrocarbons but inevitably it will lead to major conceptual advances in Earth sciences, across a broader range of disciplines than those made during the 2D seismic revolution of the 1970s. Now that 3D seismic data coverage has increased and the technology is widely available we are poised to mine the full intellectual and economic benefits. This book illustrates how 3D seismic technology is being used to understand depositional systems and stratigraphy, structural and igneous geology, in developing and producing from hydrocarbon reservoirs and also what recent technological advances have been made. This technological journey is a fast-moving one where the remaining scientific potential still far exceeds the scope of the advances made thus far. This book explores the breadth of the opportunities that lie ahead as well as the inevitable accompanying challeges.