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Book Chapter

Geophysical evidence for the structure of the crust and upper mantle of the Tanzania Craton and the Gregory Rift Valley

January 01, 2008


The past three decades have seen an upsurge in geophysical fieldwork across the East African Rift Valley in Kenya (KRISP: the Kenya Rift International Seismic Project; Prodehl et al. 1994; Fuchs et al. 1997) and in Ethiopia (Project EAGLE: the Ethiopia Afar Geophysical Lithosphere Experiment; Yirgu et al. 2006). In northern Tanzania, in 1994, A. A. Nyblade and co-workers established an array of broadband receivers in northern Tanzania, the Tanzania Broadband Seismic Experiment, TBSE (Nyblade et al. 1996) that, together with interpretation of earlier commercially acquired data, have provided new insights into the present-day structure of the Tanzania Craton and the Mozambique belt. Although in many experiments data have also been acquired for the Western Rift, attention will be confined in the following section to observations on the northern Tanzania and southern Kenya sectors of the Gregory Rift Valley.

The interpretation of gravity data alone does not give a unique solution because Bouguer anomalies can reflect lateral changes in: (i) the density of the crust; (ii) the density of the upper mantle; (iii) the depth to the crust/mantle interface, the Moho; or (iv) a combination of these possible variables. Gravity measurements can, when combined with data from seismic experiments and measured rock densities, lead to integrated models for the structure of the crust and upper mantle, but it is relevant to discuss here the results obtained by individual disciplines.

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Geological Society, London, Memoirs

The Gregory Rift Valley and Neogene—Recent Volcanoes of Northern Tanzania

J. B. Dawson
J. B. Dawson
University of Edinburgh, UK
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Geological Society of London
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Publication date:
January 01, 2008




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