Neoproterozoic Orogeny along the margins of Siberia
V. A. Vernikovsky, A. E. Vernikovskaya, V. L. Pease, D. G. Gee, 2004. "Neoproterozoic Orogeny along the margins of Siberia", The Neoproterozoic Timanide Orogen of Eastern Baltica, David G. Gee, Victoria Pease
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The Siberian Craton is bounded by fold-and-thrust belts involving Neoproterozoic (locally Mesoproterozoic) complexes on the southern (Baikal-Vitim), western (Yenisey Ridge and Turukhansk-Igarka), northern (Taimyr), and eastern (Verkhoyansk) sides. This paper focuses on the geological structure and evolution of these formations. Previous and new geochronological data show that passive continental margins existed around most of the Siberian Craton during the early Neoproterozoic and possibly the late Mesoproterozoic. Between about 850–760 Ma, the southern, western and northern passive margins of the Siberian Craton were transformed into active margins. Middle-late Neoproterozoic island arcs and ophiolites were formed between c. 750–650 Ma along these margins; they are inferred to have been obducted onto the Siberian continental margin at c. 600 Ma, prior to late Vendian deposition. New ion microprobe U–Pb ages of ophiolitic rocks from Taimyr's Central domain are presented. The Neoproterozoic record in the Cretaceous Verkhoyansk fold-and-thrust belt indicates that the eastern part of the Siberian Craton remained a passive continental margin during the Neoproterozoic and Palaeozoic. Baltica-Siberia relationships are also discussed.
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The Neoproterozoic Timanide Orogen of Eastern Baltica
The Neoproterozoic Timanide Orogen of eastern Baltiea extends from the high Arctic to the southern Ural Mountains and represents significant crustal growth of the northeastern European continental margin in the late Neoproterozoic. This volume, a co-operation between Western European and Russian scientists within the framework of the European Science Foundation’s EUROPROBE programme, provides a comprehensive overview of the orogen and represents a new synthesis of Timanian Orogeny. It includes: the pre-Timanian passive margin deposits of the northern and northeastern flank of the East European Craton; the magmatic, metamorphic and structural evolution of the orogen across the Timan Mountain and Pechora Basin regions to the Ural Mountains; the post-Timanian platform successions, important for interpreting the timing of orogeny and the return to an early Palaeozoic passive margin setting; and the extension of the orogen northwards to Novaya Zemlya. Relationships westwards to the Caledonides of Greenland and Scandinavia and eastwards to the Baikalides of Siberia are also treated.
This volume will be of interest to geoseientists, students and researchers concerned with orogenic processes and regional tectonics.