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Book Chapter

Regional relationships and correlations

Published:
January 01, 2004

Abstract

The Neoproterozoic depositional histories of the Timanian and Baltoscandian, orthogonal margins of Baltica show several important differences but also some similarities. The Timanian margin comprises mainly low-grade, terrigenous sedimentary successions with a distinctive, margin-parallel fault zone separating pericratonic and basinal domains. Magmatic rocks are comparatively rare on land, but are common in deep drillcores recovered from beneath the Pechora Basin. Conversion to an active margin occurred in latest Riphean time, ultimately leading to the accretionary and transpressional regime of the Vendian-age, Timanian Orogeny. Along the Baltoscandian margin, successions of low to high metamorphic grade are preserved in diverse Caledonian nappe complexes. Three main types of palaeobasin are distinguished, based largely on sedimentary facies and basin geometry. Magmatic rocks are more common than in the Timanides, ranging from mafic dyke swarms to the voluminous Seiland Igneous Province. This margin remained passive throughout the Neoproterozoic era. The Vendian-dated dyke swarms signify the onset of Iapetus/Ægir ocean opening at precisely the time when the orthogonal Timan margin was being deformed and telescoped during the Timanian Orogeny.

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Geological Society, London, Memoirs

The Neoproterozoic Timanide Orogen of Eastern Baltica

David G. Gee
David G. Gee
Uppsala University, Sweden
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Victoria Pease
Victoria Pease
Stockholm University, Sweden
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Geological Society of London
Volume
30
ISBN electronic:
9781862394056
Publication date:
January 01, 2004

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