Early Palaeozoic unconformity across the Timanides, NW Russia
The Lower Palaeozoic sequences, unconformably overlying the Timanides of Timan, Pechora, Pai-Khoi, Vaigach, Novaya Zemlya and the Polar, Northern, Middle and Southern Urals are described and interpreted with regard to their stratigraphy, sedimentation, structure and biogeography. These mainly shallow marine sedimentary successions, with associated igneous rocks (largely alkaline), are Ordovician in age, reaching back into the Late Cambrian in some areas, particularly in the east, along the front of the Urals. They were deposited during rifting of Baltica's northeastern margin and subsequent development of a passive continental margin. The underlying, mainly Neoproterozoic basement of turbidites in the west and calc-alkaline volcanites and ophiolites further east are briefly referred to, with particular emphasis on the age of the youngest rocks. Based on these data, a Timanian orogenic belt can be traced along the northeastern and eastern margin of the East European Craton. The timing of orogeny can be constrained to the Vendian, perhaps extending into the Early Cambrian.
Figures & Tables
The Neoproterozoic Timanide Orogen of Eastern Baltica
The Neoproterozoic Timanide Orogen of eastern Baltiea extends from the high Arctic to the southern Ural Mountains and represents significant crustal growth of the northeastern European continental margin in the late Neoproterozoic. This volume, a co-operation between Western European and Russian scientists within the framework of the European Science Foundation’s EUROPROBE programme, provides a comprehensive overview of the orogen and represents a new synthesis of Timanian Orogeny. It includes: the pre-Timanian passive margin deposits of the northern and northeastern flank of the East European Craton; the magmatic, metamorphic and structural evolution of the orogen across the Timan Mountain and Pechora Basin regions to the Ural Mountains; the post-Timanian platform successions, important for interpreting the timing of orogeny and the return to an early Palaeozoic passive margin setting; and the extension of the orogen northwards to Novaya Zemlya. Relationships westwards to the Caledonides of Greenland and Scandinavia and eastwards to the Baikalides of Siberia are also treated.
This volume will be of interest to geoseientists, students and researchers concerned with orogenic processes and regional tectonics.