The Precambrian rocks of Novaya Zemlya
Eugene A. Korago, Galina N. Kovaleva, Boris G. Lopatin, Vladimir V. Orgo, 2004. "The Precambrian rocks of Novaya Zemlya", The Neoproterozoic Timanide Orogen of Eastern Baltica, David G. Gee, Victoria Pease
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Neoproterozoic and perhaps older metamorphic and igneous rocks in the Novaya Zemlya Archipelago are exposed in four main localities. On the South Island of Novaya Zemlya (the Southern Domain) largely metasedimentary, low greenschist facies, pelitic and flyschoidal formations, dated by acritarchs as late Riphean-Vendian occur; they are intruded by metagabbro-dolerites and lamprophyres. These rocks are overlain by Ordovician strata with sharp, angular unconformity and are therefore considered to be products of Timanian (Baikalian) tectonogenesis. On the southern part of the North Island (the Central Domain), metamorphic rocks of high greenschist to amphibolite facies are preserved which are partly migmatized and comprise metasedimentary and igneous rocks; their contact with Palaeozoic strata here is tectonic. Isotopic age determinations on metasediments and igneous rocks vary from 1550 to 598 Ma and are not yet conclusive. These relatively highly metamorphosed formations may be older than Neoproterozoic. A Neoproterozoic (late Riphean) age was determined for the Mitushev Kamen‘Granite Massif, which is located within the Main Novozemel'sky thrust zone. On the northern part of North Island, (the Northern Domain) Neoproterozoic strata (mainly turbidites) of low greenschist facies pass conformably up into Cambrian and younger strata.
A major NW-trending fault (the Baidaratsky fault zone) is believed to separate the Southern Domain from Central and Northern Domains. It is concluded that the southern area is a peripheral part of the Neoproterozoic Timanian (Baikalian) fold belt. Further to the NE across the Baidaratsky fault zone, lies a broad area of possibly older basement, including the Central and Northern Domains of Novaya Zemlya and possibly the Franz Josef Land Archipelago.
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The Neoproterozoic Timanide Orogen of Eastern Baltica
The Neoproterozoic Timanide Orogen of eastern Baltiea extends from the high Arctic to the southern Ural Mountains and represents significant crustal growth of the northeastern European continental margin in the late Neoproterozoic. This volume, a co-operation between Western European and Russian scientists within the framework of the European Science Foundation’s EUROPROBE programme, provides a comprehensive overview of the orogen and represents a new synthesis of Timanian Orogeny. It includes: the pre-Timanian passive margin deposits of the northern and northeastern flank of the East European Craton; the magmatic, metamorphic and structural evolution of the orogen across the Timan Mountain and Pechora Basin regions to the Ural Mountains; the post-Timanian platform successions, important for interpreting the timing of orogeny and the return to an early Palaeozoic passive margin setting; and the extension of the orogen northwards to Novaya Zemlya. Relationships westwards to the Caledonides of Greenland and Scandinavia and eastwards to the Baikalides of Siberia are also treated.
This volume will be of interest to geoseientists, students and researchers concerned with orogenic processes and regional tectonics.