The late Neoproterozoic Vendian succession fills a peri- to epicratonic Mezen Basin in front of the Timan Orogen, and is exposed along the northwestern flank of the basin. In the SE White Sea area, the siliciclastic succession demonstrates a wide range of lithofacies that define a transition from a low-energy shallow-marine muddy shelf to a braid-delta plain. Significantly, the prodelta, distributary-mouth bar, and delta plain lithofacies all demonstrate a remarkably tight clustering of palaeocurrent trends suggesting that the sediment was sourced from the NE. This pattern is interpreted as representing deposition in a distal setting in the Timan foreland basin. U-Pb zircon dates of 558 ± 1 Ma and 555.3 ± 0.3 Ma for volcanic tuffs in the Vendian succession provide lower age constraints for the emergence of the Timanian hinterland.
Figures & Tables
The Neoproterozoic Timanide Orogen of Eastern Baltica
The Neoproterozoic Timanide Orogen of eastern Baltiea extends from the high Arctic to the southern Ural Mountains and represents significant crustal growth of the northeastern European continental margin in the late Neoproterozoic. This volume, a co-operation between Western European and Russian scientists within the framework of the European Science Foundation’s EUROPROBE programme, provides a comprehensive overview of the orogen and represents a new synthesis of Timanian Orogeny. It includes: the pre-Timanian passive margin deposits of the northern and northeastern flank of the East European Craton; the magmatic, metamorphic and structural evolution of the orogen across the Timan Mountain and Pechora Basin regions to the Ural Mountains; the post-Timanian platform successions, important for interpreting the timing of orogeny and the return to an early Palaeozoic passive margin setting; and the extension of the orogen northwards to Novaya Zemlya. Relationships westwards to the Caledonides of Greenland and Scandinavia and eastwards to the Baikalides of Siberia are also treated.
This volume will be of interest to geoseientists, students and researchers concerned with orogenic processes and regional tectonics.