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Book Chapter


January 01, 2004


This volume was conceived during EUROPROBE's investigations into the dynamic evolution of the Palaeozoic Uralide Orogen and relationships northwards into the Eurasian high Arctic. During these European Science Foundation studies, the preservation of Neoproterozoic deformation over large regions of northern Europe became increasingly apparent. This mainly Vendian tectonic event is referred to as the Timanian Orogeny and became the focus of many recent and on-going investigations. Much progress has been made in understanding Timanian Orogeny and a Memoir synthesizing our current knowledge is not only timely, but also relevant to Neoproterozoic global tectonic reconstructions.

The type area for the Timanide Orogen is located in the Timan Range of northwestern Russia, which separates the East European Craton from the Pechora Basin and Polar Urals. The orogen extends over a distance of at least 3000 km, from the southern Ural Mountains of Kazakhstan to the Varanger Peninsula of northernmost Norway, flanking the eastern margin of the older craton (Fig. 1). From the Timan Range, it reaches northeastwards below the thick Phanerozoic successions of the Pechora Basin and Barents Shelf (O’Leary et al. 2004), and reappears in the Polar Ural Mountains and northwards through Pai Khoi to Novaya Zemlya. Timanian orogeny thus influenced a vast region of northwestern Russia. The Phanerozoic cover, Arctic shelf areas and, further east, Uralian deformation, obscure the importance of this orogenic event for the geodynamic evolution of Europe.

The Timanide Orogen has been referred to by various other names, most frequently as the ‘Baikalides’. The term ‘Baikalian Orogeny’

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Geological Society, London, Memoirs

The Neoproterozoic Timanide Orogen of Eastern Baltica

David G. Gee
David G. Gee
Uppsala University, Sweden
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Victoria Pease
Victoria Pease
Stockholm University, Sweden
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Geological Society of London
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Publication date:
January 01, 2004




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