Published:January 01, 2008
Tom McCann, Hubert Kiersnowski, Karl Krainer, Anna Vozárová, Tadeusz M. Peryt, Stanislav Oplustil, Harald Stollhofen, Jörg Schneider, Andreas Wetzel, Frédéric Boulvain, Michel Dusar, Ákos Török, János Haas, Jenny Tait, Frank Körner, 2008. "Permian", The Geology of Central Europe: Volume 1: Precambrian and Palaeozoic, T. McCann
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The Permian (299-251 Ma; Wardlaw et al. 2004) succession of Central Europe records the change from a Pangaea configuration and compressive tectonic regime inherited from the Variscan Orogeny, to the development of the broad thermal subsidence-controlled Southern Permian Basin and its inundation by the Zechstein Sea. During latest Carboniferous-Early Permian times, the final phase of Variscan orogenic extension produced a series of small strike-slip and extensional continental basins across central and western Europe. Within these basins Stephanian and Lower Rotliegend continental successions were deposited. Subsequent thermal subsidence led to the gradual coalescence of these isolated basins to form the large Southern Permian Basin which extended across much of central and western Europe (Fig. 10.1).
Early Permian sedimentation was predominantly fluvial and lacustrine, changing later to aeolian. This change was due either to a significant climate change, or the result of a decline in relief of the surrounding uplands. By the end of the Early Permian extensive dunefields occupied the basin margins with saline lakes (playas) in the basin depocentres (Verdier 1996). A regional, possibly glacio-eustatic, rise in sea level later in Permian (Zechstein) times resulted in the rapid flooding (from the north) of the Southern Permian Basin. The Zechstein succession comprises a series of evaporitic cycles, and associated carbonates and muds, reflecting progressively greater evaporation and the shallowing either of the whole basin or the margins of the basin.
There has been a considerable amount of interest in the Permian in recent years, with a number
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The Geology of Central Europe: Volume 1: Precambrian and Palaeozoic
This two-volume set provides the first comprehensive account in English of the geology of Central Europe. Written by more than 200 scientists from universities and research centres spread across Europe and North America, the 21 chapters are based on the main stratigraphic periods. Individual chapters outline the evolution of the region divided into a variety of sections which include overviews of the stratigraphic framework, climate, sea-level variations, palaeogeography and magmatic activity. These are followed by more detailed descriptions of the Central European succession, covering the main basins and magmatic provinces. Each chapter is thoroughly referenced, providing a unique and valuable information source.
Volume 1 focuses on the evolution of Central Europe from the Precambrian to the Permian, a dynamic period which traces the formation of Central Europe from a series of microcontinents that separated from Gondwana through to the creation of Pangaea. Separate summary chapters on the Cadomian, Caledonian and Variscan orogenic events as well as on Palaeozoic magmatism provide an overview of the tectonic and magmatic evolution of the region. These descriptions sometimes extend beyond the borders of Central Europe to take in the Scottish and Irish Caledonides as well as the Palaeozoic successions in the Baltic region.
Volume 2 provides an overview of the Mesozoic and Cenozoic evolution of Central Europe. This period commenced with the destruction of Pangaea and ended with the formation of the Alps and Carpathians and the subsequent Ice Ages. Separate summary chapters on the Permian to Cretaceous tectonics and the Alpine evolution are also included. The final chapter provides an overview of the fossil fuels, ore and industrial minerals in the region.
The Geology of Central Europe is a key reference work suitable not only for libraries across the world, but of interest to all researchers, teachers and students of European Geology.