Published:January 01, 2008
Thomas Servais, Jerzy Dzik, Oldrich Fatka, Thomas Heuse, Marco Vecoli, Jacques Verniers, 2008. "Ordovician", The Geology of Central Europe: Volume 1: Precambrian and Palaeozoic, T. McCann
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The Ordovician outcrops of central Europe belong to various areas with, in general, a very complex tectonic evolution. In this chapter, we review the localities that were attributed to peri-Gondwanan terranes. We do not therefore include a detailed description of areas attributed to the Baltica palaeocontinent (Denmark, southern Sweden, Baltic States, northeastern Poland).
Whereas the northwestern part of Central Europe belonged, during the Ordovician, to the eastern part of the microcontinent of Avalonia (Belgium, western and northern Germany, possibly northwestern Poland), the outcrop areas of the Rhenohercynian, Saxothuringian and Moldanubian zones have mostly been assigned to Gondwana-derived terranes (such as, in palaeogeogra-phical terms, Armorica or the Armorican Terrane Assemblage (ATA) and Perunica) or to sedimentary basins in the vicinity of the Gondwanan supercontinent. Our review includes the Avalo-nian sequences of Belgium in the northwestern part of the investigated area of Central Europe, continues into western, northern and eastern Germany and extends into northwestern and southern Poland. The review of the Ordovician of the Saxothuringian and the Moldanubian zones includes the outcrop areas of southeastern Germany, the Czech Republic and southwestern Poland. The Ordovician from the pre-Variscan parts of the Alpine mountain chains of Switzerland, Austria and northern Italy are also briefly discussed.
In terms of stratigraphy, the British Ordovician series and stages were generally used as a standard in most parts of western and central Europe. However, in the last two decades, significant progress has been made in Ordovician series and stage boundary definitions on a global scale. A tripartite division of
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The Geology of Central Europe: Volume 1: Precambrian and Palaeozoic
This two-volume set provides the first comprehensive account in English of the geology of Central Europe. Written by more than 200 scientists from universities and research centres spread across Europe and North America, the 21 chapters are based on the main stratigraphic periods. Individual chapters outline the evolution of the region divided into a variety of sections which include overviews of the stratigraphic framework, climate, sea-level variations, palaeogeography and magmatic activity. These are followed by more detailed descriptions of the Central European succession, covering the main basins and magmatic provinces. Each chapter is thoroughly referenced, providing a unique and valuable information source.
Volume 1 focuses on the evolution of Central Europe from the Precambrian to the Permian, a dynamic period which traces the formation of Central Europe from a series of microcontinents that separated from Gondwana through to the creation of Pangaea. Separate summary chapters on the Cadomian, Caledonian and Variscan orogenic events as well as on Palaeozoic magmatism provide an overview of the tectonic and magmatic evolution of the region. These descriptions sometimes extend beyond the borders of Central Europe to take in the Scottish and Irish Caledonides as well as the Palaeozoic successions in the Baltic region.
Volume 2 provides an overview of the Mesozoic and Cenozoic evolution of Central Europe. This period commenced with the destruction of Pangaea and ended with the formation of the Alps and Carpathians and the subsequent Ice Ages. Separate summary chapters on the Permian to Cretaceous tectonics and the Alpine evolution are also included. The final chapter provides an overview of the fossil fuels, ore and industrial minerals in the region.
The Geology of Central Europe is a key reference work suitable not only for libraries across the world, but of interest to all researchers, teachers and students of European Geology.