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Book Chapter

Alpine tectonics I: the Alpine system north of the Betic Cordillera

By
Ramón Capote
Ramón Capote
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Josep Anton Muñoz
Josep Anton Muñoz
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José Luis Simón
José Luis Simón
(coordinators)
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Carlos L. Liesa
Carlos L. Liesa
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Luis E. Arlegui
Luis E. Arlegui
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Published:
January 01, 2002

Abstract

The current structure and geomorphology of the Iberian peninsula are, for the most part, a direct consequence of Mesozoic and Cenozoic tectonic activity. North of the Betic Cordillera, in its foreland, this post-Palaeozoic tectonic evolution and the resulting Alpine structure is rather complex compared to other European foreland areas. This is a consequence of the Iberian peninsula being a small continental lithospheric plate, which, after the Variscan orogeny, moved relatively independently of its two great neighbours, the European and African plates. The existence of two plate boundaries, following the King’s trough–Azores–Biscay rise–north Spanish trough in the north and the Azores–Gibraltar line in the south, and the relatively small size of the Iberian plate, explain why so much tectonic activity was transmitted to the interior of the Iberian peninsula, especially during Alpine collision.

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Contents

Geological Society, London, Geology of Series

The Geology of Spain

Wes Gibbons
Wes Gibbons
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Teresa Moreno
Teresa Moreno
Jaume Almera Institute, CSIC, Barcelona
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Geological Society of London
ISBN electronic:
9781862393912
Publication date:
January 01, 2002

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