Skip to Main Content
Book Chapter

Tertiary

By
Ana M. Alonso-Zarza
Ana M. Alonso-Zarza
Search for other works by this author on:
Ildefonso Armenteros
Ildefonso Armenteros
Search for other works by this author on:
Juan C. Braga
Juan C. Braga
Search for other works by this author on:
Arsenio Muñoz
Arsenio Muñoz
Search for other works by this author on:
Victoriano Pujalte
Victoriano Pujalte
Search for other works by this author on:
Emilio Ramos
Emilio Ramos
(coordinators)
Search for other works by this author on:
Julio Aguirre
Julio Aguirre
Search for other works by this author on:
Gaspar Alonso-Gavilán
Gaspar Alonso-Gavilán
Search for other works by this author on:
Concha Arenas
Concha Arenas
Search for other works by this author on:
Juan Ignacio Baceta
Juan Ignacio Baceta
Search for other works by this author on:
Jesús Carballeira
Jesús Carballeira
Search for other works by this author on:
José P. Calvo
José P. Calvo
Search for other works by this author on:
Angel Corrochano
Angel Corrochano
Search for other works by this author on:
Joan J. Fornós
Joan J. Fornós
Search for other works by this author on:
Angel González
Angel González
Search for other works by this author on:
Aránzazu Luzón
Aránzazu Luzón
Search for other works by this author on:
José M. Martín
José M. Martín
Search for other works by this author on:
Gonzalopardo
Gonzalopardo
Search for other works by this author on:
payros Aitor
payros Aitor
Search for other works by this author on:
Antonio Pérez
Antonio Pérez
Search for other works by this author on:
Luis Pomar
Luis Pomar
Search for other works by this author on:
Juan Manuel Rodriguez
Juan Manuel Rodriguez
Search for other works by this author on:
Joaquín Villena
Joaquín Villena
Search for other works by this author on:
Published:
January 01, 2002

Abstract

Tertiary (Palaeogene and Neogene) deposits crop out widely across both the Iberian peninsula and the Balearic Islands (Fig. 13.1), and record a dramatic sequence of events during plate convergence. The anticlockwise rotation of an initially isolated Mesozoic Iberian plate was followed by late Cretaceous– Cenozoic interaction with both the European and African plates. This ultimately created two great Alpine mountain belts (Pyrenean-Basque-Cantabrian and Betic-Balearic) (Fig. 13.1), each of which generated major Cenozoic foreland basins (Ebro and Guadalquivir). Away from these mountain belts, two large Cenozoic intraplate depressions (Duero and Tajo basins) flank a central horst (Central Range). Another important group of depocentres occurs within a string of Neogene grabens situated along the eastern side of mainland Spain (Fig. 13.1), forming part of a long-lived and still-active extensional system linking the Valencia trough with the Rhine and Rhone grabens in Germany and France. Further SE, Neogene extension propagated from the Valencian trough into the southern Betic orogen and created a series of basins from Alicante to Granada and beyond. Tertiary sedimentary rocks in Spain were thus deposited during and after Alpine compression in the Iberian area. This chapter summarizes the main characteristics of these sediments, moving broadly from north to south, a direction reflecting the diachronous shift in Cenozoic Alpine deformation from the Pyrenees to the Betic-Balearic region.

You do not currently have access to this article.

Figures & Tables

Contents

Geological Society, London, Geology of Series

The Geology of Spain

Wes Gibbons
Wes Gibbons
Search for other works by this author on:
Teresa Moreno
Teresa Moreno
Jaume Almera Institute, CSIC, Barcelona
Search for other works by this author on:
Geological Society of London
ISBN electronic:
9781862393912
Publication date:
January 01, 2002

GeoRef

References

Related

Citing Books via

Close Modal
This Feature Is Available To Subscribers Only

Sign In or Create an Account

Close Modal
Close Modal