Juan Carlos Gutiérrez-Marco, Michel Robardet, Isabel Rábano, Graciela N. Sarmiento, Miguel Ángel San José Lancha, Pedro Herranz Araújo, Agustín P. Pieren Pidal, 2002. "Ordovician", The Geology of Spain, Wes Gibbons, Teresa Moreno
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The Iberian Peninsula comprises the most extensive outcrops of Ordovician rocks in Europe. They are mainly situated within the different ‘zones’ of the Variscan Iberian Massif (also referred to as the Hesperian Massif), except the South Portuguese Zone, as well as in the Palaeozoic massifs of the Iberian Cordillera (an isolated part of the Iberian Massif), the Catalonian Coastal Ranges, the Pyrenees and the Betic Cordillera (Fig. 4.1).
Geological sketch map of the Iberian Peninsula showing the distribution of Ordovician rocks (in black) with reference to the main Precambrian and Palaeozoic exposures (stippled). Key: A–G, Hesperian (Iberian) Massif: A, Cantabrian Zone; B, West Asturian-Leonese Zone; C, Iberian Cordillera; D, Galicia–Trás-os-Montes Zone; E, Central Iberian Zone; F, Ossa Morena Zone; G, South Portuguese Zone (dotted lines indicate zone boundaries); H, Betic Cordilleras; I, Catalonian Coastal Ranges; J, Pyrenees. 1–42, Main Ordovician reference sections and fossil localities in Spain: 1, Cabo Peñas; 2, ‘folds and nappes region’; 3, Sueve area; 4, Rececende and Villaodrid synclines (Mondoñedo Nappe); 5, Los Oscos thrust-sheet; 6, Vega de Espinareda synclinorium; 7, Caurel–Peñalba syncline; 8, Castrillo syncline; 9, Eastern Iberian Chains; 10, Albarracín anticlinorium (Western Iberian Cordillera); 11, Serranía de Cuenca anticlinorium; 12, Cabo Ortegal area; 13, Sil and Truchas synclines; 14, Alcañices synclinorium; 15, Guadarrama area (eastern ‘Central System’); 16, Verín-Bragança region; 17, Tamames syncline; 18, Sierra de San Pedro and Cáceres syncline; 19, Cañaveral-Monfragüe syncline; 20, Guadarranque syncline; 21, Herrera del Duque syncline; 22, Corral de Calatrava syncline; 23, Almadén syncline; 24, Torre
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This book provides the first comprehensive account in English of the geology of mainland Spain and the Balearic and Canary islands. It has been written by 159 research-active, mostly Spanish authors working together in teams from over 20 universities and other centres of research excellence. The 19 chapters begin with an overview of Spanish geology prepared by the editors, followed by a detailed examination of Iberian Precambrian and Palaeozoic rocks in Spain, Variscan magmatism and tectonics, and the Mesozoic and Cenozoic sedimentary record and fossil record. Subsequent chapters deal with the Alpine orogeny in the Pyrenees, Betics and other mountain ranges of Spain and the Balearic Islands, and with Cenozoic magmatism, including the classic hot-spot-related volcanism of the Canary Islands. The final chapter focuses on economic and environmental geology, emphasizing metallic deposits and industrial minerals, hydrocarbon energy resources, water supply, and modern seismic hazard. Finally a bibliography of around 4000 references provides a uniquely valuable information source. Encompassing subjects as diverse as the origin of Spanish granites, the palaeogeographic and tectonometamorphic history of the Iberian plate, human evolution in the SW Mediterranean, and modern volcanism and earthquake activity, The Geology of Spain is a key reference work suitable not only for libraries across the world, but of interest to all researchers, teachers and students of SW European geology.