Mass movement and landscape evolution in weathered granite and gneiss terrains
Published:January 01, 2010
Piotr Migoń, 2010. "Mass movement and landscape evolution in weathered granite and gneiss terrains", Weathering as a Predisposing Factor to Slope Movements, D. Calcaterra, M. Parise
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The paper assesses the contribution of mass movement to the development of landforms in weathered granite and gneiss terrain, using examples from SE Brazil, southern Mexico, SE China, and other locations. The style of slope failures varies depending on local relief and the grade of weathering, which mutually influence each other. Shallow debris slides and boulder falls are common in less weathered rock and steep terrain, whereas rotational slides appear to dominate in highly weathered rock and in more subdued topography. In certain topographic circumstances, slides may turn into debris flows or earthflows. Extreme rainfall is a typical trigger of mass movement in weathered terrain. Mapping of past landslides may considerably assist in hazard assessment, as they usually leave a clear geomorphological record.
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Weathering as a Predisposing Factor to Slope Movements
This volume is intended to provide an up-to-date overview of the approaches, methodologies and techniques devoted to better understanding of the weathering conditions of rock masses on slopes. According to the local conditions, a variety of slope movements may take place and involve weathered rock masses. Shallow and rapid soil slips evolving to debris flows are probably the most common type of slope movement. At the same time, deep-seated, intermittent landslides can also affect large volumes of weathered rocks and soils. Despite the high frequency of landslides in weathered materials, and the damage and casualties they repeatedly cause, little is known about the relationship between weathering and slope movements. This book presents worldwide case studies, where a variety of geological and geomorphological settings are discussed. The content is divided into three sections: the first is devoted to broad aspects of the weathering/landslide processes; the second and third sections include papers dealing with igneous/metamorphic and sedimentary weathered rocks, respectively.