Skip to Main Content
Skip Nav Destination


The increased demand for space on the surface and the increased use of the underground, in particular in urban areas, has created new requirements for the type and quality of geodata. In a very crowded subsurface in an urban environment where new applications such as geo-energy storage are going to be used, properties describing the degradation of materials in time and heat convection and isolation are required. In addition, data on moving objects in the subsurface or properties of subsurface materials that can be used to forecast movement of objects should be available. The very crowded subsurface also requires that the data are of better quality, and the reliability of the data should be known and quantified.

You do not currently have access to this chapter.

Figures & Tables





Citing Books via

Close Modal

or Create an Account

Close Modal
Close Modal