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The engineering geology of the Nottingham area, UK

By
F. G. Bell
F. G. Bell
British Geological Survey, Keyworth, Nottingham NG12 5GG, UK
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M. G. Culshaw
M. G. Culshaw
British Geological Survey, Keyworth, Nottingham NG12 5GG, UKSchool of Civil Engineering, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
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A. Forster
A. Forster
British Geological Survey, Keyworth, Nottingham NG12 5GG, UKPresent address: Radcliffe-on-Trent, Nottingham NG12 2FS, UK
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C. P. Nathanail
C. P. Nathanail
School of Geography, University of Nottingham, Nottingham NG7 2RD, UK; Land Quality Management Ltd., Unit 8 Beeston Business Centre, Technology Drive, Nottingham NG9 2ND, UK
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Published:
January 01, 2009

Abstract

Nottingham was built near a crossing point on the River Trent in the East Midlands of England. Initially, the city developed on a low sandstone hill close to the north bank of the river, which provided a secure, well-drained location above the marshes that bordered the river. Geologically, Nottingham stands at the boundary between Palaeozoic rocks to the north and west, and Mesozoic and Cenozoic strata to the south and east. The area is underlain by coal-bearing Carboniferous Coal Measures, Permian dolomitic limestones, Permo-Triassic mudstones and weak sandstones, Jurassic clays and Quaternary glacial and alluvial deposits. Artificial deposits, resulting from the social, industrial and mineral extraction activities of the past, cover the natural deposits over much of the area. This geological environment has underpinned the economic development of the area through the mining of coal (now largely ceased), oil extraction that was important during World War II, brickmaking from clays, alluvial sand and gravel extraction from the Trent Valley, and gypsum extraction from the Permo-Triassic mudstones. The Permo-Triassic sandstone is a nationally important aquifer, and has also been exploited at the surface and from shallow mines for sand. However, this history of the use and exploitation of mineral deposits has created a number of environmental problems, including rising groundwater levels, abandoned mine shafts and mining subsidence, and, within the city itself, the occasional collapse of artificial cavities in the sandstone and contaminated land left by industrial activities. Natural constraints on development include gypsum dissolution, landslides, rockfalls, swell–shrink problems in Jurassic clays and flooding. Occasional minor earthquakes are attributed to movements related to coal mining or natural, deep geological structures. Thus, Nottingham's geological context remains an important consideration when planning its future regeneration and development.

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Contents

Geological Society, London, Engineering Geology Special Publications

Engineering Geology for Tomorrow’s Cities

M. G. Culshaw
M. G. Culshaw
University of Birmingham, UKBritish Geological Survey, UK
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H. J. Reeves
H. J. Reeves
British Geological Survey, UK
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I. Jefferson
I. Jefferson
University of Birmingham, UK
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T. W. Spink
T. W. Spink
Mott MacDonald, UK
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Geological Society of London
Volume
22
ISBN electronic:
9781862393844
Publication date:
January 01, 2009

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