A Sturzstrom-like cliff fall on the Chalk coast of Sussex, UK
Published:January 01, 2004
R. B. G. Williams, D. A. Robinson, U. Dornbusch, Y. L. M. Foote, C. A. Moses, P. R. Saddleton, 2004. "A Sturzstrom-like cliff fall on the Chalk coast of Sussex, UK", Coastal Chalk Cliff Instability, R. N. Mortimore, A. Duperret
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In 1914 a notable cliff fall occurred on the chalk coast of the Seven Sisters in Sussex. Debris from the fall travelled outwards across the shore platform in front of the cliff for a distance of about 75 m, forming a narrow tongue-like projection. The reason why the debris exhibited such mobility is uncertain, but it may have flowed in a similar fashion to a sturzstrom, despite its modest volume (c. 12500m3) and the equally modest height of the cliff (44-45 m). If this suggestion is correct, the minimum volume of detached rock required to trigger sturzstrom-type flow is 1-2 orders of magnitude less than is commonly claimed.
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Coastal Chalk Cliff Instability
Most of the rocky coastlines around the world are subject to active erosion processes. Because of the growing hazard to local communities from coastal cliff retreat, it is necessary to investigate where, when and how cliffs collapse. The results of these studies are vital for the planners and local authorities responsible for safety and access to cliffs and beaches. This volume focuses on the coastal chalk cliffs of the English Channel, where a multidisciplinary approach has been used to understand active coastal cliff recession.
The book is organized around three main themes: the geological factors controlling cliff instability, the marine parameters influencing coastal erosion and the use of some new tools for hazard assessments.
This volume will be of use to academics and professionals working on rocky shores, with an interest in sedimentary geology, stratigraphy, tectonics, geomorphology, engineering geology, coastal engineering and GIS.