Terrain has influenced military commanders and the outcome of military operations since ancient times (Rose & Nathanail 2000). The aim of terrain evaluation in support of military operations revolves around gaining maximum operational advantage from the ground. In war this includes maximizing the mobility of your own forces and ensuring the survival of your troops and in turn denying both of these to the enemy’s forces. Armed forces are also increasingly being used in peace keeping or peace enforcing roles. In such cases the aim of terrain evaluation is to support the humanitarian efforts of the military.
The United Nations Protection Force (UNPROFOR) was tasked with delivering humanitarian relief in Bosnia Herzegovina (Fig. 1). British troops were based in four main compounds at Vitez (School and Garage), Tuzla, Gornji Vakuf and Tomislavgrad. Terrain evaluation principles were used to advise on the feasibility of constructing water supply boreholes within the perimeter wire of each compound to ensure a secure supply of water independent of any of the warring factions.
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Land Surface Evaluation for Engineering Practice
This volume presents a collection of papers on techniques and case studies in land surface evaluation for engineering practice written by specialist practitioners in the field. The volume arose out of deliberations by the Second Working Party on Land Surface Evaluation set up by the Engineering Group of the Geological Society in January 1997 and chaired by Dr. J. S. Griffiths. The book examples of cost-effective methods for collecting land surface and near surface data prior to carrying further detailed ground investigations of engineering geologist, geotechnical engineers, geomorphologist and planners who have the responsibility for planning a designing investigations of potential sites of development.