The ability to see the ground surface in an urban environment is limited by access and the amount of natural ground exposure. This is typically less than 10% by area. The assessment of the probable ground structure and the behaviour of critical ground elements can be achieved by comparison with non-urban environments exhibiting similar landforms. This model can be verified by a detailed study of historic maps and a review of existing local subsurface information.
Figures & Tables
Land Surface Evaluation for Engineering Practice
This volume presents a collection of papers on techniques and case studies in land surface evaluation for engineering practice written by specialist practitioners in the field. The volume arose out of deliberations by the Second Working Party on Land Surface Evaluation set up by the Engineering Group of the Geological Society in January 1997 and chaired by Dr. J. S. Griffiths. The book examples of cost-effective methods for collecting land surface and near surface data prior to carrying further detailed ground investigations of engineering geologist, geotechnical engineers, geomorphologist and planners who have the responsibility for planning a designing investigations of potential sites of development.