There has been a long tradition of geomorphological mapping to support land use planning, especially in Poland (e.g. Klimaszewski 1956, 1961; Galon 1962) and France (e.g. Tricart 1965; for a history of geomorphological mapping in Europe, see Verstappen 1983). The Geological Society Working Party Report on maps and plans (Anon. 1972) identified examples of geomorphological mapping that could be of use to engineers. However, the value of the technique was best highlighted by its application to road projects in unstable terrain in Nepal and South Wales during the early 1970s (e.g. Brunsden et al. 1975a, b; Doornkamp et al. 1979; Jones et al. 1983). The techniques have also been successfully applied to dryland problems (e.g. Brunsden et al. 1979; Bush et al. 1980, Doornkamp et al. 1980; Cooke et al. 1982, 1985; Jones et al. 1986), soil erosion (e.g. Morgan 1995) and river management (e.g. Doornkamp 1982; Richards et al. 1987). Despite these applications, BS5930, Code of Practice for Site Investigations (British Standards Institution 1981), contains little reference to geomorphological maps (Griffiths & Marsh 1986) and the technique remains a marginal skill practised by a few experienced engineering geomorphologists. Examples of good mapping practice can be found within the references cited in this paper.
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Land Surface Evaluation for Engineering Practice
This volume presents a collection of papers on techniques and case studies in land surface evaluation for engineering practice written by specialist practitioners in the field. The volume arose out of deliberations by the Second Working Party on Land Surface Evaluation set up by the Engineering Group of the Geological Society in January 1997 and chaired by Dr. J. S. Griffiths. The book examples of cost-effective methods for collecting land surface and near surface data prior to carrying further detailed ground investigations of engineering geologist, geotechnical engineers, geomorphologist and planners who have the responsibility for planning a designing investigations of potential sites of development.