Stratigraphy and Depositional Systems of the Southern Tethyan Region
Christopher G. C. Kendall, Abdulrahman S. Alsharhan, Lisa Marlow, 2014. "Stratigraphy and Depositional Systems of the Southern Tethyan Region", Petroleum Systems of the Tethyan Region, Lisa Marlow, Christopher C. G. Kendall, Lyndon A. Yose
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The Southern Tethys Margin region combines the Arabian, North Africa, and Southern Eurasia plates. For much of geologic history the Phanerozoic sedimentary fill over these plates had a common history with similar tectonic, depositional settings, and a stratigraphy that often can be correlated across many parts of the region. This same sedimentary fill has prolific proven accumulations of hydrocarbons and many more remain to be found. Historically the focus of exploration has been confined to the giants and super-giants of the Middle East and North Africa. These proven petroleum systems contain numerous new plays that can be expected to evolve to new hydrocarbon discoveries. Similarly, regions paralleling the Southern Tethys may contain other large hydrocarbon accumulations matching those of the traditional Middle East regions, but as yet are underexplored in these exploration frontiers. This chapter highlights the stratigraphy and depositional settings of the Southern Tethyan region and its numerous petroleum systems. The intent of this chapter and AAPG Memoir 106 is to spark future exploration in the region.
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This volume is intended to generate ideas for the future exploration of immature and mature basins across the Tethyan Region. From the Paleozoic to the Cenozoic, the Arabian Plate, North Africa and parts of Southern Eurasia, were on the margin of a series of Tethys seaways, Proto-Tethys, Paleo-Tethys, and Neo-Tethys. These areas evolved together and as a result they have numerous similarities in their tectono-stratigraphic history and petroleum systems. These similarities could be used to extrapolate proven petroleum systems to underexplored areas and lead to hydrocarbon discoveries. The back cover illustrates the countries that evolved along the Tethyan Region in their present day location. Countries covered in this volume are outlined.