What Drives Orogenic Asymmetry in the Northern Andes?: A Case Study from the Apex of the Northern Andean Orocline
Andres Mora, Mauricio Parra, Guillermo Rodriguez Forero, Vladimir Blanco, Nestor Moreno, Victor Caballero, Daniel Stockli, Ian Duddy, Badr Ghorbal, 2015. "What Drives Orogenic Asymmetry in the Northern Andes?: A Case Study from the Apex of the Northern Andean Orocline", Petroleum Geology and Potential of the Colombian Caribbean Margin, Claudio Bartolini, Paul Mann
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We present the results of 59 new apatite fission tracks (AFT), 24 new vitrinite reflectance analysis, and 154 new He thermocronometric analysis from the eastern flank of the Colombian eastern Cordillera at lat7° N to constrain the roles of plate tectonics, tectonic inheritance, and surface processes in building the Cocuy syntaxis. The Cocuy syntaxis is the region with the highest structural and topographic relief in the eastern Cordillera.
The primary factor controlling that is faster tectonism, apparently related to the most important Panama collision at 4 Ma. This push from behind is focused between two resistant plates and escapes toward a weak foreland plate, which is able to flex. However, we document new Pliocene and younger AFT ages in the eastern side of the eastern Cordillera, which are related with focused and faster exhumation in the eastern flank. We suggest that this episode is responsible for the limited advance of the deformation front as basement-involved blocks. In addition, faster denudation causes faster sedimentation rates in the weak foreland plate east of the Cocuy syntaxis. In this case, the thick pile of Neogene synkinematic sediments would have limited thin skin deformation migration.
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AAPG Memoir 108 is the first international book published on the petroleum geology and hydrocarbon potential of Colombia’s Caribbean Margin. Tis volume consists of 27 multidisciplinary papers that include a wide range of geological and geophysical topics, such as geochemistry and petroleum systems, earthquake seismology and tomography, seismic stratigraphy and sedimentology, oil and gas exploration plays, carbonate and siliciclastic petrology, basement studies, regional tectonics and structural geology, fold belt structural analyses, potential methods, and studies of deep-sea sedimentation on the Magdalena fan. This highly valuable and innovative piece of information is critical for geoscientists in the petroleum industry, research institutions, and academia. Do not miss the opportunity to learn about the extremely complex but fascinating geology of Colombia's Caribbean Margin and its important hydrocarbon potential.