Seismic Resolution of Submarine Channel Architecture as Indicated by Outcrop Analogs
J. L. Coleman, Jr., F. C. Sheppard, III, T. K. Jones, 2000. "Seismic Resolution of Submarine Channel Architecture as Indicated by Outcrop Analogs", Fine-Grained Turbidite Systems, Arnold H. Bouma, Charles G. Stone
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Economical production of hydrocarbons from submarine fan reservoirs requires a clear understanding of reservoir architecture and fluid flow properties. Seismic profiling has been used to delineate the extent of hydrocarbon-bearing reservoir architecture and associated flow heterogeneities. Outcrop study constrains the architectural interpretation options in field development plans. Seismic modeling of an outcrop of a submarine fan channel complex was undertaken to illustrate the acquisition and processing requirements and interpretation limits for a generic exploration seismic program. Unless appropriately designed, conventional, exploration-grade seismic data will not have the frequency content and resolution capability to image clearly submarine channel complexity of a detail commonly observed in outcrop.
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This Memoir covers one of the most important and active exploration reservoirs being pursued by geoscientists worldwide: fine-grained turbidite systems. 28 chapters show the results of an intense research effort in the 1990s that resulted from the discovery of large hydrocarbon accumulations in fine-grained turbidite systems in Brazil, the Gulf of Mexico, West Africa, and the North Sea. Industry and academia have joined together in this publication and the result is a unique opportunity to study these turbidite systems from the outcrop to the modeling; through the interpretation with 2-D and 3-D seismic data; to case histories and analog studies from Arkansas and Oklahoma, South and West Africa, Gulf of Mexico, west Texas, and New Zealand.